Country of OriginScotland
Nicknames and Other NamesScottie
Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Breed TypePurebred
GroupTerrier Group
Bred ForHunting rat and badgers
Life Span12 years
Ideal WeightMale: 19-22 pounds
Female: 18-21 pounds
Ideal Height10 inches (male and female)
Fur TypeBroken coat, harsh, wiry outercoat,
soft, dense undercoat
Common ColorsBlack, Brindle, Wheaten,
Silver Brindle, Black Brindle
AvailabilityCommonly available
AchievementsOne of the two breeds that had lived
more times in the White House
Suitable for ApartmentsYes
Used in World WarNo
Most Similar ToSkye Terrier

The Scottish terrier often defined as an intelligent and lively breed is devoted and affectionate towards their family.

They are true Terrier and makes excellent watchdogs. Because of their short legs, they don’t run much and you don’t have to chase them. They won’t even go for jogging but can accompany you for short walks.

Origin &History Of Scottish Terrier

The Scottish Terrier is one of the many terrier breeds and were believed to be originated in Scotland and England. They were specially bred for digging out and killing vermin on farms.

The Romans called the Scottish Terrier “terrarii,” which means “workers of the earth” and was derived from terra, the Latin word for Earth. Dogs of this breed were excellent hunters and still hunts today.

The Old Scottish Terriers is thought to be one of the oldest breeds in Scotland and the foundation for all other terrier breeds. This breed is absent today but was considered as a stable worker with a lot of strength, and stamina.

Are They Child-Friendly?

Video of Child-Friendly Scottish Terrier playing with a toddler.

Scottish Terrier is fine with children and also been called a nanny. However, like other terriers, this breed also dislikes being pulled or bullied and will react poorly. Therefore, they are not recommended for homes with small children or toddlers. But if your child is well-behaved and approach calm and gently, they will appoint themselves as their guardian.

Temperament, Personality And Behavior

The Scottish Terrier is friendly and playful as long as they are a puppy but as they grow up they become bold, jaunty and steady. They are fearless and independent by nature and are very loyal to their owners. They are suspicious to strangers which makes them good watchdogs.

The Personality of Scottish Terrier is independent and confident and when it comes to making friends, they are discriminating so it’s better not to expect them to be cozy to all of your friends. But once they are familiar with someone they make friends for life.

Scottish Terreir Require Early Training
Cute Scottish Terrier Running At The Beach.

They tend to be aggressive around other dogs and have a strong desire to chase, so they don’t do well with families with other small pets. When outdoors, they should be kept on a leash or in a fenced area at all times.


When it comes to training, they tend to be stubborn as they have a mind of their own, but if right motivation techniques are applied they tend to show interest and learns well.

Train them will firm and consistent hand, positive reinforcement in the form of praise and treats are the best ideas to motivate them.

Harsh training and punishment will definitely not work as they are strongminded breed. Their training should be started as soon as possible, don’t wait until they are 6 months old or later you have to deal with a headstrong dog.

Facts – Did You Know?

Amazing facts about Scottish Terrier are:

  • The first show to have a class for the Scottish Terrier was in 1860.
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower owned two of these breeds named ” Caacie” and “Telek”.
  • The first registered Scottish Terrier in America was “Dake” whelped Sept 15, 1884.
  • John Naylor is the first to introduce this breed.

Health Issues

General HealthHealthy
Common Health IssuesCraniomandibular Osteopathy, Scottie Cramp,
Von Willebrand’s DIsease, Patellar Luxation
Vaccination RequiredRabies, Canine Distemper, Canine Parvovirus,
Canine Parainfluenza, Canine Coronavirus,
Leptospirosis, Kennel Cough
SheddingNone to Minimal
DroolingLow Drooler
GroomingAverage Grooming Required
Weight Gain PotentialAverage
Separation AnxietyModerate Chance
Diets and SupplementsProtein: 23%
Fat: 8%
Fish Oil
Digestive Enzymes

Scottish Terriers are generally healthy dogs, but like all other breeds of dogs, they’re prone to certain conditions and diseases, which include:

  • Scottie cramp is a common disorder in Scottish Terriers and the symptoms of Scottie cramp occur only when the dog is stressed or overstimulated, such as during exercise, mating, or fights.
  • Von Willebrand’s disease: An inherited blood disorder that interferes with the blood’s ability to clot.
  • Craniomandibular osteopathy affects several skull bones. While a puppy is growing, the skull bones become irregularly enlarged.


Scottish Terrier are found three in colors, they are:

  • Black
  • Brindle
  • Wheaten


Scottish Puppy Are Very Playful
Cute Scottish Terrier Puppy Running in a field.
Image Via The Happy Puppy Site

The Scottish Terrier can give birth up to 2-5 puppies at a time. If you are willing to own a Scottish Terrier puppy, then you need to spend somewhere between $800-$1000.

Which Dogs Are They Similar To?

Dogs similar to Scottish Terrier are:

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