Country of OriginUnited States
Nicknames and Other NamesJorkie, Yorkie Jack Russell Terrier
Scientific NameCanis Lupus Familiaris
Breed TypeTerrier
Bred ForCompanion for Family
Life Span12-16 Years
Ideal Weight6-12 Pounds
Ideal Height12 Inches
Fur TypeLong, Silky, Smooth, Straight
Common ColorsBlack, White, Black and Tan, Brown
AvailabilityModerately Available
Suitable for ApartmentsYes
Used in World WarNo
Most Similar ToYorshire Terrier

The Yorkie Russell is a small-sized, fun, lively dog that does well as a family companion. It is also known by names like Jorkie or Yorkie Jack Russell mix. It is not a purebred breed and is created by crossing Jack Russell Terrier and the Yorkshire Terrier. They do best with both a family and a single person in an apartment.

The Yorkie Russell appearance can look a lot like either a Jack Russell Terrier or a Yorkshire Terrier. The body is strong with a coat that can be straight and long or wire-haired. The muzzle is of medium length with a round head and round eyes. The ears are either upright or just hanging down.

Origin and History

The origin of the Yorkie Russell exact date is not sure but it is created by crossing two purebred breeds, Yorkshire Terrier and the Jack Russell Terrier. It got its name by the blend of its parent’s names. However, we can look at the history of its parents.

The Yorkshire Terrier is originated in Yorkshire, England. It was bred by the working class people and also mostly used by them. They used to control rats and vermin in the clothing mills. The American Kennel Club recognized Yorkshire Terrier in 1885.

Yorkshire Terrier cross bred with Jack Russell
Yorkshire Terrier.
Image Source: Greenfield Puppies

The Jack Russell is originated in England for the purpose of fox-hunting. It became very popular among huntsman and by 1930, it was well known in the USA too. It was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1997 and it changed its name to Parson Russell Terrier in 2003.

Jack Russell cross bred with Yorkshire Terreir
Jack Russell Terrier Jumping.
Image Source: dogtime

Is Yorkie Russell Child-Friendly?

The Yorkie Russell is good with children and can get along with them very well. They are very active and can make great playmates for children. However, small children can play rough and the Yorkie Russell may not tolerate it. Therefore, small children should be supervised and taught to behave around dogs.

Yorkie Russell is child friendly
Yorkie Russell Playing With a Girl.
Image Source: Instagram-@jackpot_woof_woof

Temperament, Behavior, and Personality

Temperament: The Yorkie Russell has a friendly temperament, which is why they make an excellent companion for the family. They love to be around their people and also wants to be involved in their regular activities. They are very active and loves to go out for playing.

Behavior: The Yorkie Russell is an energetic dog that needs to work. Otherwise, it will get bored and may show their destructive behavior by chewing stuff and digging. Therefore, exercise them regularly by taking them out for a walk or a play.

Personality: The Personality of the Yorkie Russell is loyal, active, and sweet. They are a barker and if they sense any unusual activity going in the surrounding, they will bark warning you. Therefore, it can be taken as an excellent watchdog.


Training Yorkie Russell is not a difficult task to do as they are smart and eager to please. However, they are of independent nature which can make the stubborn sometimes. Therefore, it is necessary to establish a firm and consistent leadership on them.

Use positive methods of training to motivate them. Reward them with treats and vocal praises as a source of encouragement.


  • The place of origin and the breeders that bred the Yorkie Russell is still unknown.
  • The American Kennel Club has not registered this breed.

Health Issues

General HealthHealthy
Common Health IssuesPatellar Luxation, Dental Problem,
Hip Dysplasia
Vaccination RequiredRabies, Canine Coronavirus, Leptospirosis,
Canine Parvovirus, Kennel Cough,
Canine Parainfluenza, Canine Distemper
SheddingLow Shedder
DroolingLow Drooler
GroomingModerate Grooming Required
Weight Gain PotentialModerate
Separation AnxietyHigh Chance
Diets and SupplementsProtein: 18%
Fat: 8%

The average life span of the Yorkie Russell is between 12-14 years. As a product of the crossed breeds, it can inherit some genetic health condition from its parents.

  • Dental Problems: Dental problem can be seen in the Yorkie Russell. The forming of the sticky plaque hardens to form tartar. If not removed, it can cause inflammation on the gum and can be painful. However, regular cleaning of your dog’s teeth can avoid this condition. Visit a local vet on routine to check the condition of the teeth.
  • Patellar Luxation: It is a condition that occurs when the joints on the knee get misplaced. It is not always painful and also it is not a life threatening condition. When this happens, your dog will strengthen its leg and as it gets relaxed, the kneecap gets back in its original place.


The Yorkie Russell comes in the following combination of the colors:

  • Black
  • White
  • Tan
  • Silver
  • Blue


Height and Size: The average height of the Yorkie Russell is between 9-12 inches and the average weight is between 6-12 pounds.

Cost: The average cost of the Yorkie Russell is between $200-$600 USD.

Similar Dog Breeds to Yorkie Russell

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