General Information

Dog NameCaucasian Shepherd Dog
Other NamesCaucasian Ovcharka, Kaukasische Schaferhund, Caucasian Sheepdog, Kawkasky Owtscharka
Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Breed TypeGuardian Breed
GroupShepherd Dog
Country of OriginRussia

Physical And Size


Intelligent Rank
Affection Level
Social Needs
Watchdog Ability


Prey DriveYes
Fighting DogYes


Stranger FriendlyHigh
Child FriendlyHigh
Cat FriendlyHigh
Apartment FriendlyHigh
Senior Citizens FriendlyHigh
Service DogHigh
Search and Rescue DogHigh
Biting PotentialHigh

The Caucasian Shepherd dog which is also popularly known as the Russian Bear Dog due to its large size was bred to guard livestock. It has the personality of a fearless, confident dog with massive size and strength, which makes it a perfect guard dog.

Although Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a perfect protector of livestock as well as home and family, it is very challenging to take care of their diet and overall health. Therefore, in this article, I’ll cover up the important part of their health and nutrition.

Diets of Caucasian Shepherd Dog

A good diet and nutrition lead to a happy and healthy dog. The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a large-sized dog breed, so the needs of its diet also depend on its size and the activities it is engaged in. A well-balanced diet contains protein, fiber, vitamins, minerals, and fats.

Here are the nutrient that your dog need.

Protein: According to AAFCO (Association of American Feed Control Officials), puppies need at least 22% of the protein in their diet whereas an adult needs 18% of protein on their diet.

Fat: The much-needed nutrient for the Caucasian Shepherd Dog is omega fatty acids. The fat will improve their eyesight, develops the brain, smoothens the coat, and make the joints stronger. Plant oil, fish oil, flaxseeds are the best source of fat for your dog.

Vitamins and Minerals: Another needed nutrition on your dog diet is vitamins and minerals. They help in the improvement of the immune system. It will allow them to fight different types of diseases.

Teaching Caucasian Shepherd Dog Command Eating
Image Source: Yutube

How Much to Feed Caucasian Shepherd Dog?

The Caucasian Shepherd dog is a big and active dog breed that needs a proper diet based on its age and activity level. A puppy between 8-12 weeks is in its growing and developing phase, so they need around four bowls of food per day. As they grow, their food should be reduced to 3 to 2 bowls a day.

A small but several meal a day is recommended to avoid bloating and other guts problem. Consult a nutritionist to for a proper meal plan and meal size to feed your dog.

Caucasian Shepherd Dog Feeding Methods and Diets
Caucasian Shepherd Dog sniffing its food
Image Source: Youtube- @aramm2222

Dog Food for Caucasian Shepherd Dog

Caucasian Shepherd Dog needs large-sized dog food in their diet. While choosing a processed dog food, always look if the product meets the nutritional standard provided by the AAFCO.

There are dogs food that is produced based on their size, age and nutritional needs. Therefore, before buying any food from the market, check for the life-staged written in the packet.

Here are the list of the best dog food that you can feed your Caucasian Shepherd Dog.

  • Purina Pro Plan
  • Hill’s Science Diet Large Dog Food
  • Natural Balance Limited Ingredient Diets
  • Blue Buffalo Large Breed Puppy

Best Supplements for Caucasian Shepherd Dog

Supplements are good for your Caucasian Shepherd Dog as it fulfills the nutritional needs that the dog is not getting from the food. However, if your dog is getting a complete balanced diet, extra supplement is not necessary.

Caucasian Shepherd Dog eating habit
Caucasian Shepherd Dog Standing with its tongue out
Image Source:

The following supplements are best for your Causacian Shepherd Dog:

  • Glucosamine
  • Probiotics
  • Antioxidant
  • Omega-3 & 6 Fatty Acids

Human Food Caucasian Shepherd Dog Can and Cannot Eat

Caucasian Shepherd Dog can have a bite or two from your plate. However, there are some foods that are good for you that might be toxic for your dog.

Can Eat

  • Bread
  • Apples
  • Eggs
  • Meat
  • Tomatoes
  • Potato
  • Carrots

Cannot Eat

  • Alcohol
  • Chocolate
  • Caffeine
  • Nuts
  • Yeast
  • Onion and Garlic
  • Grapes

Why is Caucasian Shepherd Dog Not Eating?

Sometimes you find your Caucasian Shepherd dog not eating like it regularly would. It can be due to health problem or different environmental factors like.

  • Your dog might be having an upset stomach which is causing him to loose apatite. Check for the sign like vomiting, eating grass etc.
  • If you have recently moved to a different place with your dog, it also might be another reason for your dog not eating properly. They need time to adjust in the environment.
  • A change in routine will also confuse your dog due to which it will not eat properly. Therefore, always stick to the same routine of feeding your dog.

Vist Doglime for more information about breeds and their diets.