Country of OriginItaly
Nicknames and Other NamesAbruzzese, Italian Sheepdog,
Pastore Abruzzenhund, Cane da Pastore,
Pastore Maremmano
Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Breed TypePurebred
GroupGuardian Dog, Mountain Dog
Bred ForGuarding Livestock
Recognized ByACA, CKC, DRA, KCGB, APRI,
Life Span10-13 Years
Ideal Weight24-29 Pounds (male and female)
Ideal Height24-29 Inches (male and female)
Fur TypeLong, Thick wavy coat
Common ColorsSolid White with shades of
Orange, Yellow and Ivory,
AvailabilityModerately Available
Suitable for ApartmentsNo
Used in World WarNo
Most Similar ToGreat Pyrenees

Maremma Sheepdog is a large-sized dog that was used as a guarding dog for livestock. It is also popularly known as Maremma, Maremmano, Abruzzese sheepdog, Cane da Pastore Maremmano-Abruzzese and many more.

Although it has a very similar appearance to Great Pyrenees, it is a completely different breed.

The appearance of the Maremma Sheepdog is strong, muscular with a deep chest, fluffy tail, large paws, and thick coat. It is best suited to a family that has farm and livestock. They do not do well in an apartment or small house. They thrive in an open place where they can roam around and where they have work to do.

Origin and History

Maremma Sheepdog was originated in Italy and has an ancient history that was mentioned in many ancient Roman paintings, sculpture, and literature. It was bred as a working dog that used to guard livestock against wolves and other predators in the mountains of Tuscany.

Its number was decreased during World War II but after the war, the number increased due to the breed’s popularity. Although its use as a guarding dog was decreased, its use as a companion dog rose up rapidly.

Maremma Sheepdog history
Maremma Sheepdogs with its masters.
Image Source: retrieverman

The United Kennel Club has registered the Maremma Sheepdog as a guarding dog.

Temperament, Behavior, and Personality

Temperament: The temperament of the Maremma Sheepdog alert, calm, and protective. As a guarding dog, they have a natural guarding instinct. They will look after your family and the property with high alertness. They are calm and gentle with its people and fierce with predators and intruders.

Behavior: Maremma Sheepdog is an independent natured dog that likes to do things on their own. They sometimes act stubborn, so proper training is required. They need to have a job to do otherwise, they can become destructive. So, it is best suited to a family that is involved in animal husbandry.

Personality: The personality of the Maremma Sheepdog is gentle, affectionate, and hard-working. They are very loving and affectionate towards its people and are very much devoted to them. They form a very strong bond towards them and are extremely protective of them.


Training Maremman is not an easy job to do. A novice or an inexperienced owner can never train this dog. They need consistent and firm leadership that can challenge them both physically and mentally. Establish a firm leadership at an early age, otherwise, Maremman Sheepdog will take itself as a pack leader.

Train them with delicious treats and lots of vocal praises as a source of motivation. Do not be harsh on them even if they make some mistake on the training session.

Is Maremma Sheepdog Child-Friendly?

Maremma Sheepdog is a gentle and loving dog that gets along with children pretty well. They need to be raised together with them from a small age. They do not do well with kids that behave harshly and roughly.

They do not tolerate harsh behavior, so teach your kids to behave around dogs and always supervise their interaction.

A baby and Maremma Sheepdog puppy sitting
A baby and Maremma Sheepdog puppy sitting
Image Source:


  • Maremma Sheepdog was first registered in 1898 but the first standard of this breed was published only in 1924.
  • Maremma Sheepdog is a rare breed and is not yet recognized by the American Kennel Club.

Health Issues

General HealthHealthy
Common Health IssuesHip Dysplasia, Hypothyroidism,
Elbow Dysplasia, Deafness, Obesity, Bloat
Vaccination RequiredRabies, Canine Coronavirus, Leptospirosis,
Canine Parvovirus, Canine Distemper,
Kennel Cough Canine Parainfluenza
SheddingHeavy Shedder
DroolingAverage Drooler
GroomingAverage to Professional Grooming Required
Weight Gain PotentialHigh
Separation AnxietyModerate Chance
Diets and SupplementsProtein: 23%-25%
Fa: 8%-10%
Fish Oil

Maremma Sheepdog is a healthy dog breed in general. Although it can face some canine and genetic health problems.

  • Hip Dysplasia: It is a hereditary health problem where the hip joint of your dog is either underdeveloped or dislocated from its original place. It will cause a sharp pain on the back of your dog making it hard to move from one place to another.
  • Obesity: When a dog gets obese, they will also suffer from many other health problems like type 2 diabetes, blood pressure, heart and respiratory disease, and many more. So feed your dog a complete balanced diet and never feed hem more than required.


The Maremma Sheepdog comes only in one color which is solid white.


Maremma Sheepdog puppy
Maremma Sheepdog puppy.
Image Source: greenfieldpuppies

Cost: The average cost of the Maremma Sheepdog is between $500-$800 USD.


Height: The average height of the Maremma Sheepdog is between 23.5-28.5 inches.

Weight: The average weight of the Maremma Sheepdog is between 65-100 pounds.

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