Country of OriginSpain
Nicknames and Other NamesPerro de agua Español
Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Breed TypePurebred
Bred ForRetrieving from water, herding
Recognized ByAKC, FCI, NZKC, KC, UKC
Life Span12-14 years
Ideal WeightMale: 40-49 pounds
Female: 31-40 pounds
Ideal HeightMale: 17.5-19.75 inches
Female: 15.75-18 inches
Fur TypeCurly, dense, woolly in texture
Common ColorsBlack, Black and White, Brown,
Brown and White, Beige and White
MarkingsTan points
Suitable for ApartmentsModerately available
Used in World WarNo
Most Similar ToPortuguese Water Dog

The Spanish Water Dog as their name suggests is not a water dog, Unlike the Irish water spaniel and American Water Spaniel, the Spanish Water Dog is a herding and sporting dog.

With their intelligence, hard work, and keen ability to learn things, they have proved that they can as work all- around farm dog.

Origin & History Of Spanish Water Dog

The Spanish water dogs are believed to be originated in Iberian Peninsula’s lake. It is thought that they were brought from North Africa by the Moors who once occupied Spain and it is also thought that they were introduced to Spain by the Turkish Traders as their old nickname was ” The Turkish Dog”

The Spanish Waterdog was used for many purposes including herding, retrieving, rat patrol, and protection.

Today the Spanish Waterdog is recognized by European and American registries. In January 2015 the AKC has classified it as a herding dog and granted them full recognition.

Are They Child-Friendly?

Spanish waterdog is generally well-going with children with a clown face and demands human’s attention even from kids.

Like other herding dogs, the Spanish Water dogs tend to herd children and sometimes can be overly sensitive to sudden stimuli. Therefore serious supervision is need by an adult when interacting with kids.

Temperament, Personality And Behavior

The temperaments of Spanish Water Spaniel is highly-energetic, intelligent, and affectionate. They generally get along well with other dogs and pets; however, they can be suspicious of strangers.

The Spanish Waterdogs are quite smart and hard-working and enjoy learning which response best to positive reinforcement. They are quite active by personality and likes to be kept busy all the time, they are very alert dogs and typically make good watchdogs who have a good sense of focusing on a specific task.

Spanish Waterdog Playing In The Field
Cute Spanish Waterdog Puppy Playing With Ball.
Image Via Pet4Homes

Spanish Water Dogs do not possess aggressive behavior but are quite protective of their family and property. If you are planning to adopt one of these breeds then you need to be very patient.


The Spanish Water Dog is a highly trainable breed as they are quite versatile and perform its task with competence and dignity. Dogs of this breed have a natural herding and guarding instincts so they do their best when any type of task is given to them. They can be protective and territorial so early socialization is needed to prevent them from becoming wary around strangers.

Facts – Did You Know?

Quick facts about Spanish Water Dog:

  • These dog breeds have been approved to compete in AKC herding events for suffix title since January 1, 2008.
  • At first glance, they are often confused with Poodle.
  • The Spanish Water Dog is also known as a Perro de Agua Español, Turco Andaluz, Perro Turco or Andalucian Turk and is known as International Spy.

Health Issues

General HealthHealthy
Common Health IssuesAddison’s Disease, Cataracts, Cherry Eye,
Hypothyroidism, Distichiasis,
Neuroaxonal Dystrophy,
Progressive Retinal Atrophy
Vaccination RequiredRabies, Canine Distemper, Canine Coronavirus,
Canine Parvovirus, Leptospirosis,
Canine Parainfluenza, Kennel Cough
SheddingNone to Moderate Shedder
DroolingLow Drooler
GroomingEasy and Minimal Groming Required
Weight Gain PotentialAverage
Separation AnxietyHigh Chance
Diets and SupplementsProtein: 20%
Fat: 8%
Fish Oil
Digestive Enzymes

As like all other breeds, the Spanish Water Dogs also prone to suffer from some hereditary disease, which includes:

  • Allergies:  The symptoms of allergies in Spanish Waterdogs include allergic rhinitis or bronchitis, in most dogs inhalant allergy manifests with itchy skin.
  • Hip Dysplasia: a condition where the thigh bone does not fit in the socket.
  • Glaucoma: a condition in which the pressure is placed on the eye, causing inadequate fluid drainage in an eye
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy: a group of degenerative diseases that affect these photoreceptor cells.


Spanish Waterdogs are found in six colors:

  • White
  • Brown & White
  • Brown
  • Black
  • Beige
  • Black & White


Spanish Waterdog Requires Early Training
Spanish Waterdog Puppies Image Via Imgur

A Spanish Waterdog can give birth 4-6 puppies at a time. If you are willing to adopt a Spanish waterdog in your family, then you need to spend an amount of $1000-$1200.

Which Dogs Are They Similar To?

Dogs similar to Spanish Waterdog:

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