|Country of Origin||Hungary|
|Nicknames and Other Names||Erdélyi kopó, Transylvanian Scent Hound, |
|Scientific Name||Canis lupus familiaris|
|Bred For||Hunting big game like bear and wolf|
|Recognized By||FCI, UKC, AKC|
|Life Span||10-14 years|
|Ideal Weight||55 pounds minimum (male and female)|
|Ideal Height||22-26 inches (male and female)|
|Fur Type||Dense, coarse but shiny|
|Common Colors||Black and Tan, Red and White, |
Black Tan and White
|Achievements||Hungarian ninth national breed|
|Suitable for Apartments||Not suitable|
|Used in World War||No|
|Most Similar To||Vizsla|
The Transylvanian Hound is a medium-sized ancient dog breed that has a gentle and loving nature. Also known as Hungarian Hound, Transylvanian Scent Hound is known for its hunting skills.
It is best suited in a house with yards or space enough for them to play and roam around. They do not do well in an apartment but if the owner is an active person who takes them out for exercises regularly, they can also adopt an apartment life.
Transylvanian Hound is a strong dog with an athletic body. The muzzle is a rectangular shape with the same length as its skull. The eyes are almond-shaped with an alert but relaxed expression. Their ears are of medium-sized that hangs close to the face. Their legs are straight and muscular.
Origin and History
The Transylvanian Hound was originated in Hungary over thousands of years ago. It is an ancient breed that is believed to be bred by crossing the hounds brought by Magyars with the native dogs of Hungary.
They were used as hunting dogs by royalty for hunting bears and wolves in the mountains of Transylvania. It was at its verge of extinction at the beginning of the 20th century but the breeders saved this breed.
The Federation Cynologique Internationale recognized Transylvanian Hound in 1963. The American Kennel Club has kept this breed in the Foundation Stock Service since 2015 and yet to be recognized (as of April 2019).
Is Transylvanian Hound Child-Friendly
Transylvanian Hound gets well with children and is very fond of them. If raised together, they make excellent friends with children. They love to play as they are a very active dog, so their energy level may not math with small children. Therefore, while letting them play with kids, close supervision is necessary. Also, teach your kids to behave around dogs.
Temperament, Behavior, and Personality
Temperament: The temperament of the Transylvanian Hound is friendly, loyal, and determined. They are very loving of their family and are protective of them, which makes them great guard dogs. As it is bred for hunting purpose, it requires a good amount of exercise.
Behavior: As a scenthound, they tend to follow any interesting scent they come across. They are independent and it can make them quite stubborn. Therefore, while taking them out for a walk or a play, keep them on a leash so that they do not walk off following a scent.
Personality: The Transylvanian Hound has a courageous personality. They are not afraid of any danger that comes in their way and is ready to face any situation. Although it is a hunting dog, it makes a great family companion because of its friendly and loving nature towards the family.
The Transylvanian Hound is always eager to please their owner, which makes training them easy. However, they are independent and can become stubborn sometimes. So, a firm and consistency training is necessary. As a scent hound, they tend to follow any interesting scent that catches their nose. So, while taking out for training, keep them on a leash so that they won’t wander off. Use positive methods of training to encourage and motivate them.
- There are two kinds of Transylvanian Hound: long-legged and short legged. The long-legged were used for hunting big game and short legged were used for hunting small game.
- The Transylvanian Hound has been assigned the Hound Group destination in the American Kennel Club.
- In 1968, it is declared as the Hungarian ninth national breed.
- In Hungary, it is called Erdelyi kopo that means Transylvania Hound in Hungarian.
The Transylvanian Hound is usually a healthy breed with an average life expectancy of 10-14 years. However, in those years, they might suffer from the following possible canine disease:
- Hip Dysplasia: The hip dysplasia is caused when the joints of the hip are either underdeveloped or dislocated. It is a painful condition that prevents the dog from moving freely without any pain. The symptoms maybe lack interest in playing or walking, unable to sit and stand. The treatments might involve surgery or medication. Therefore, consult a vet before starting a treatment.
- Elbow Dysplasia: It is mainly due to genetics. This condition is developed due to poor development of the elbow joints. The dog will not show any proper sign as a symptoms and its disease is likely to pass on to generation to generation. A proper screening test is necessary. Therefore, consult a vet for the proper treatment of your dog.
The Transylvanian Hound comes in following colors according to the American Kennel Club:
- Black & Tan
- Black Tan and White
- Red and White
Height and Size: The average height of the Transylvanian Hound is between 22-26 inches and the average weight is between 66-77 lbs.
Cost: The average cost of the Transylvanian Hound puppy is between $600-$800 USD. However, the cost might vary according to the quality of the breeders.
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