General Information

Dog NameBriard
Other NamesBerger de Brie
Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Breed TypeWorking
Country of OriginFrance

Physical And Size

Min Life Span10
Max Life Span12
Min Ideal Weight for male28
Max Ideal Weight for male38
Min Ideal Weight for female22
Max Ideal Weight for male38


Intelligent Rank
Affection Level
Social Needs
Watchdog Ability


TemperamentAlert, Courageous, Loyal
Prey DriveNo
Fighting DogNo


Stranger FriendlyLow
Child FriendlyHigh
Cat FriendlyMedium
Apartment FriendlyMedium
Senior Citizens FriendlyMedium
Service DogMedium
Search and Rescue DogMedium
Biting PotentialMedium
Country of OriginFrance
Nicknames and Other NamesBerger Briard
Berger de Brie
Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Breed TypePurebred
GroupHerding Group
Working Group
Bred ForHerding cattle
Life Span12 years
Ideal Weight55-100 pounds (male and female)
Ideal HeightMale: 23-27 inches
Female: 22-25.5 inches
Fur TypeLong, slightly wavy, dense
Common ColorsBlack, Tawny, Gray
MarkingsWhite markings
AvailabilityModerately available
AchievementsUsed as a police dog
Suitable for ApartmentsNo
Used in World WarUsed in World War I by the French army
as a sentry and messenger
Most Similar ToSchapendoes

Briard dog is a large-sized dog that was originated in France. It has an alert and handsome appearance. It is a herding dog that has a high activity level is suited in an apartment as long as it gets the required amount of exercise.

Briard has a strong body with a large head that is covered with flowing hair. The ears are erect, giving them an alert expression. The coat is silky, long, and straight.

Origin and History

Briard was bred to be a herding dog and also the guardian of the flocks. It is also known as Chien Berger de Brie in its homeland. It was known for its bravery that could even fight wolves to defend the livestock.

Briard was introduced to the United States by Thomas Jefferson and the Marquis de Lafayette. Jefferson even said that Briard is the finest house and farm dogs he has ever seen.

The American Kennel Club recognized Briard in 1928 as a member of the herding group. It currently ranks 132 of 193 AKC registered breed.

Is Briard Child-Friendly?

Briard is very tolerant of children and does not mind their rough behavior if raised together. They are very protective of them and are always by their side guarding. However, with strange children, they tend to herd them by nipping at the heel. So, while taking them out to a place with lots of children, always keep them on a leash.

Briard relaxing with a boy
Briard relaxing with a boy on the couch.
Image Source: Instagram-4paws4harrison

Temperament, Behavior, and Personality

Temperament: The temperament of the Briard is brave, alert, and faithful. They are very alert of the activities going on in the surrounding. Therefore, they make an excellent watchdog and also a guard dog. Protective of their family, they are not afraid to face anything while defending its people.

Behavior: As a herding dog and guarding dog, Briard to herd small animals sometime and chase them around. However, they are also protective of the pets at home and will look after them like a big brother.

Personality: The personality of the Briard is smart, friendly, and lively. They are very playful and friendly with their family and make a great companion for an active family. They are smart and are quick at learning new instruction or commands.


Training Briard needs patience and firm leadership. Establish leadership on them when they are still young, so they see you as their leader and follow you. They tend to respond well to positive reinforcement, so reward them with delicious treats and use lots of vocal praises as the source of motivation and encouragement.

Never be harsh on them or use force hand. It will only lead to their aggression and they can even bite you. Train them with gentleness even if they make some mistakes.

Training Briard to be a service dog.


  • Briard dogs were used in World War I as a service dog that used to supply medicines and also work as a messenger.
  • Marquis de Lafayette was the person who introduced Briard to Thomas Jefferson and he, to the United States.

Health Issues

General HealthHealthy
Common Health Issuesbloat, Obesity, Hip Dysplasia, Diabetes,
Heart Disease, Patellar Luxation,
Elbow Dysplasia
Vaccination RequiredRabies, Kennel Cough, Canine Coronavirus,
Canine Distemper, Canine Parvovirus,
Leptospirosis, Canine Parainfluenza
GroomingHard and regularly required
Weight Gain PotentialAverage
Separation AnxietyHigh Chance
Diets and SupplementsProtein: 25%-30%
Fat: 8%

The Briard is usually a healthy breed with only a few possible health problems.

  • Hip Dysplasia: It is a condition where your dog feels a sharp pain on its pack causing it painful to move from one place to another. It may be a genetic cause that happens due to dislocation or underdeveloped of the hip joints. Consult a vet for proper treatment.
  • Obesity: Obesity is caused due to overfeeding. Your dog gets fat and the extra weight that it gains caused obesity. It also invites many other bones and joints. So, do not overfeed your dog as it is bad for the health of your dog.


The Briard comes in following colors and markings.

  • Black
  • Gray
  • Brindle
  • Black and Gray
  • Tawny
  • Black and Tawny
  • White
  • Tawny and Gray
  • White markings


Briard puppies
Briard puppies looking at the camera.
Image Source; AKC marketplace

Size: The average height of the Briard is between 22-27 inches and the average weight is between 55-100 pounds.

Cost: The average cost of the Briard is between $1000-$1200 USD.

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