General Information

Dog NameCocker Spaniel
Other NamesAmerican Cocker Spaniel
Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Breed TypeSpaniel
Breed ForHunting Bird
Country of OriginUnited Kingdom (UK)

Physical And Size

SizeSmall to Medium
Min Life Span10
Max Life Span14
Min Ideal Weight for male11
Max Ideal Weight for male12
Min Ideal Weight for female9
Max Ideal Weight for male12


Intelligent Rank
Affection Level
Social Needs
Watchdog Ability


TemperamentIntelligent, Gentle, Loving
Prey DriveYes
Fighting DogNo


Stranger FriendlyMedium
Child FriendlyMedium
Cat FriendlyMedium
Dog FriendlyHigh
Office FriendlyHigh
Apartment FriendlyHigh
Senior Citizens FriendlyHigh
Service DogHigh
Search and Rescue DogHigh
Biting PotentialLow
Country of OriginEngland
Nicknames and Other
American Cocker Spaniel
Scientific NameCanis lupusfamiliaris
Breed TypePurebred (Spaniel)
GroupSporting Group,
Spaniel Group
Bred ForHunting Birds
Recognized ByAKC, UKC, FCI, ANKC, KC,
Life Span10-14 years
Ideal WeightMale: 25-30 pounds
Female: 20-25 pounds
Ideal HeightMale: 14.5-15.5 inches
Female: 13.5-14.5 inches
Fur TypeMedium length, silky, slightly wavy
Common ColorsRed, Buff, Buff and White, Red and White,
Black, Black and Tan, Brown,
Black and White, Brown Roan,
Brown and White, Brown and Tan,
MarkingsRoan, Merle markings, Ticked,
White markings
AvailabilityCommonly available
AchievementsSmallest member of the sporting group
Suitable for ApartmentsYes
Used in World WarNo
Most Similar ToEnglish Cocker Spaniel

Cocker Spaniels have big, dark eyes, sweet expression, and long, lush ears. The body is solid and is big enough to be sporty. The dog is a wonderful companion for everyone with their happy and playful personality.

The Cocker Spaniel is small, fitting comfortably into an apartment or in a small home in comparison to other dogs in the sporting group. The Cocker Spaniel are perfect family dogs which are suited for both apartment dwellers as well as for a house with a back yard.

Origin and History

The  Cocker Spaniel is descended from the Spaniel family, a large group of dog breeds. The word spaniel means “Spanish dog” and is generally believed that they are originated in Spain. By the 1800s Spaniels were divided into two groups: toys and large hunting dogs. The Hunting dogs were also divided into land and water spaniels. These breed date back to 14th century.

Cocker Spaniels gained popularity with both breeders and the public because some breeders favored a smaller type of Cocker Spaniel with a slightly different conformation than the original English Cocker. The smaller

Cocker Spaniel dogs were especially flashy in the show ring. The American kennel club recognized the breed in 1946. They are ranked 25th among the other breeds, and has won the hearts of millions being a versatile dogs.

Are Cocker Spaniels Child Friendly?

Yes! Cocker Spaniel dogs are child-friendly and make a good family dog because it gets along with children even more if they are raised with them. It loves to play, chase and run after the kids in the yard. Cocker Spaniel is a sensitive dog so your children should be taught not to be harsh with them.

facts of Cocker Spaniel
Cocker Spaniel is a comfortable dog to have in a family.

Sometimes, Cocker Spaniel may get over possessive to their toys. If they are, then ask you child not to take it away from them, as it may get dangerous. They might get aggressive. Otherwise, these breeds are perfectly fine with kids. They are gentle and protective towards their little friends.

Behavior, Temperament And Personality

The well-bred Cocker Spaniel has a sweet temperament and it is affectionate, cuddly, and loves to participate in family activities. It is playful, alert and active, enjoying any exercise from a brisk walk to hunting in the field.

The Cocker Spaniel dogs are sensitive dogs, mentally and physically. They shouldn’t be treated harshly which may develop depression in them. These breeds have a soft personality and do not respond well to harsh treatment. Sometimes it turns to growl or snapping when it is in pain or afraid.

I Love You Hooman.

Cocker Spaniel are extremely intelligent dogs and are also naturally submissive. They are even-tempered make them an easy breed, outgoing, lively and not aggressive with anybody. They love their family and thrive on human counterparts.


Cocker Spaniel dogs are easy to train. They have high intelligence which makes them quick learners. They are not so dominant in nature but need consistent training. Positive reinforcement training can be more helpful and a source of motivation for your furry pet.

As already discussed, Cocker Spaniels have a soft personality so harsh training methods will make it fearful and may lead to timidness and stubbornness so be sure to use gentle and consistent training to get the best results.

Fun Facts About Cocker Spaniel

Some of the facts related with Cocker Spaniel dogs are as follows:

  • You can find an English Cocker Spaniel stamp. It will cost you four dollars nine cents. So, if you want to send postcards, you can find the stamp in different colors and background.
  • They are considered as one of the best therapy dogs. These breeds are welcome in nursing homes and other medical institutions.

Health Issues

General HealthHealthy
Common Health IssuesEar Infection, cataracts, Renal Failure,
Elbow Dysplasia, Hip Dysplasia,
Heart Disease, Diabetes
Vaccination RequiredRabies, Canine Distemper,
Canine Parvovirus, Leptospirosis,
Kennel Cough, Canine Coronavirus,
Canine Parainfluenza
SheddingModerate Shedding
DroolingLow Drooler
GroomingAverage Grooming Required
Weight Gain PotentialHigh
Separation AnxietyHigh Chance
Diets and SupplementsProtein: 23%
Fat: 8%
Omega-3 and 6 Fatty Acid

Cocker Spaniels are generally healthy but like all other breeds, they are prone to certain conditions and diseases given below –

  • Eye problems: It includes macular degeneration, glaucoma, and cataracts that cause a vision problem.
  • Autoimmune hemolytic anemia: It is a group of disorders characterized by malfunction of the immune system.
  • Hypothyroidism: It is a disorder of the endocrine system in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormone.
  • Primary Seborrhea: It is a condition that causes flaky skin.
  • Allergies: It is caused by the hypersensitivity of immune system.

Color Patterns

Cocker Spaniels are found in different colors like –

  • Black
  • Blue roan
  • Black and tan
  • Orange roan
  • Liver roan
  • Orange and white
  • Liver and white
  • Liver and tan
  • Lemon and white
  • Ash
  • Liver
  • Sable
  • Tri-color
  • Black and white
  • Golden
  • Silver
  • Tri-color ticked
  • Red


Cocker Spaniel dogs can give birth to 3 to 9 puppies at a time.

Cocker Spaniel puppy.

Cost Of Cocker Spaniel Puppy

The average cost of Cocker Spaniel puppy is about $600-$800 USD.


The female Cocker Spaniel has a weight of 12-15kg and the male weighs from 13-16 kg.

The female Cocker Spaniel is 36-41 cm whereas the male will stand up to 38-43 cm tall.

Which Breeds Are Cocker Spaniels Similar To?

Some of the breeds similar to Cocker Spaniel are:

Visit Doglime to know more about different breeds of dogs.