General Information

Dog NameEnglish Toy Spaniel
Other NamesEnglish Toy Spaniel
Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Breed TypeSpaniel
Breed ForLap Dog
Country of OriginUnited Kingdom (UK)

Physical And Size

Min Life Span10
Max Life Span12
Min Ideal Weight for male3
Max Ideal Weight for male6
Min Ideal Weight for female3
Max Ideal Weight for male6


Intelligent Rank
Affection Level
Social Needs
Watchdog Ability


TemperamentIntelligent, Playful, Sweet
Prey DriveYes
Fighting DogNo


Stranger FriendlyLow
Child FriendlyHigh
Cat FriendlyMedium
Dog FriendlyHigh
Office FriendlyHigh
Apartment FriendlyHigh
Senior Citizens FriendlyHigh
Service DogHigh
Search and Rescue DogHigh
Biting PotentialLow
Country of OriginGreat Britian
Nicknames and Other NamesEnglish Toy Spaniel, Charlies
Ruby Spaniel, Blenheim Spaniel,
Prince Charles Spaniel,
Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Breed TypePurebred
GroupToy Group
Bred ForCompanion Dog, Lap Dog
Life Span10-12 years
Ideal Weight8-14 pounds (male and female)
Ideal Height9-10 inches (male and female)
Fur TypeDense, wavy, silky, glossy
Common ColorsRed, Red and White, Black and Tan,
Black White and Tan
AvailabilityWidely available
AchievementsNamed after King Charles I and II
Suitable for ApartmentsYes
Used in World WarNo
Most Similar ToCavalier King Charles Spaniel

King Charles Spaniel, which is also known as the English Toy Spaniel is a small dog of the toy breed. They are a cheerful companion who likes to cuddle and be on your lap most of the day. They are very loving towards family without getting jealous and gets along with children very well.

English Toy Spaniel is well behaved, quiet, and affectionate in nature. They are playful, lively around their owners and can be very shy around strangers.

The average height of both male and female English Toy Spaniel is 10-11 inches and they weigh between 8-14 pounds. Their life span is around 10-12 years.

Origin and History

English Toy Spaniel was originated thousands of year ago in China and brought to Europe. It was originally bred for companionship.

King Charles II was very fond of this dog so it got its name King Charles Spaniel after him. This dog gained great popularity among a wealthy family back then where they were bought as a lap dog and a companion dog.

Is King Charles Spaniel Child-Friendly?

English Toy Spaniel adores children and can get along with them very well. They are very tolerant of children so can make a great friend with kids.

Behavior, Temperament and Personality

English Toy Spaniel is a fun-loving, sweet, loyal and devoted dog who loves to be around his people all the time. They have a low energy level and want to sit on people’s lap all day without doing much exercise.

King Charles Spaniel are not usually aggressive and can get with strangers well. Sometimes they can be shy but most of the time they love being around people. English Toy Spaniel are quiet and do not bark more often unless they see some unfamiliar person approaching them.
English Toy Spaniel Playing with another Pet Dog


English Toy Spaniel is a bright and smart dog and has a strong desire to please their owners. However, they have a short attention span, so the training session should be short and interesting with treats as required.

This will help your dog focused on you and the training can go smoothly. English Toy Spaniel is mildly stubborn so using lots of praise words, keeps encouraging your dog.


  • English Toy Spaniel accompanied Mary Queen of Scots to her execution in 1587 refusing to leave her side.
  • They were said to have been black and tan up to the time of King Charles II. The different colors of English Toy Spaniel emerged much later.
  • They got their name as Charles after the name of both King Charles I and King Charles II.
  • It is believed that English Toy Spaniels were crossed with Pugs or Japanese Chin in the 18th and 19th centuries, to create a round head and flat face.
Japanese Chin and Pug whose cross is King Charles Spaniel.
Image source: Pinterest

Health Issues

General HealthHealthy
Common Health IssuesOpen Fontanel, Patellar Luxation, Cleft Palate,
Hydrocephalus, Legg-Perthes Disease,
Fused Toes, Mitral Valve Disease
Vaccination RequiredLeptospirosis, Canine Parainfluenza,
Rabies, Canine Distemper,
Canine Parvovirus, Kennel Cough,
Canine Coronavirus
SheddingModerate Shedder
DroolingLow Drooler
GroomingAverage Grooming Required
Weight Gain PotentialAverage to High
Separation AnxietyHigh Chance
Diets and SupplementsProtein: 23%
Fat: 10%
Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Many health problems in dogs are genetic which means they got the disease is related to the breed’s parents. It is not necessary for your English Toy Spaniel to face the same health problems or other problems but any health problems can be prevented with time to time check-up.

Some general health problems that your English Toy Spaniel may face are luxating patella (loose knee joints), cataracts and eye diseases that can progress to blindness, heart disease that can be quite severe, dental disease and hip and elbow dysplasia. Taking your dog to your veterinarian for a frequent check-up can decrease the chance of getting these health relating problems.


English Toy Spaniel comes in mostly black and tanned in color. They also come in different other colors like red and white with a red patch on the forehead, black and white tan (Prince Charles), a tricolor consisting of a white basecoat with large black patches and tan markings over the eyes, under the tail and on the underside of the ears.


The English Toy Spaniel puppies are very adorable at the same time fragile. They are very small and a tight holding, hugging can even kill them so extreme caution should be taken while living with English Toy Spaniel puppies.
King Charles Spaniel Puppy


Adopting an English Toy Spaniel is much cheaper than buying them from any breeder. The cost to adopt these puppy is around 300$ in order to cover the expenses of the puppy before adopting. However, buying from breeder cost from 1000$ to 1800$ depending on their breeding.


The height of a grown King Spaniel is 10-11 inches. They weigh 12 pounds on average.

Dog Breeds Similar to King Charles Spaniel

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