General Information

Dog NameDalmatian
Other NamesSpotted Coach Dog
Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Breed TypePurebred
GroupNon-sporting Group
Breed ForCarriage dog
Country of OriginCroatia

Physical And Size

Min Life Span11
Max Life Span13
Min Ideal Weight for male20
Max Ideal Weight for male31
Min Ideal Weight for female20
Max Ideal Weight for male31


Intelligent Rank
Affection Level
Social Needs
Watchdog Ability


TemperamentEnergetic, Dignified, Smart
Prey DriveNo
Fighting DogNo


Stranger FriendlyMedium
Child FriendlyHigh
Cat FriendlyMedium
Dog FriendlyHigh
Office FriendlyHigh
Apartment FriendlyLow
Senior Citizens FriendlyLow
Service DogLow
Search and Rescue DogLow
Biting PotentialLow
Country of OriginCroatia
Nicknames and Other NamesSpotted Coach Dog,
Firehouse Dog,
Leopard Carriage Dog
Plum Pudding Dog
Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Breed TypePurebred
GroupNon-sporting group
Bred ForCarriage Dog
Recognized ByAKC, FCI, KC, ANKC,
Life Span11-13 years
Ideal Weight45-70 pounds (male and female)
Ideal HeightMale: 22-24 inches
Female: 20-22 inches
Fur TypeShort and smooth
Common ColorsWhite and Liver Brown,
White and Black
AvailabilityCommonly available
AchievementsFeatured in a famous movie “101 Dalmatians”
Suitable for ApartmentsNot suitable
Used in World WarUsed for guarding the border of
Dalmatia during the war.
Most Similar ToGerman Short Haired Pointer

With extremely slim, athletic body, born to run personality and unique spots, the dalmatian is one of the distinctive dogs on the Planet.

The Dalmatian is medium-large dogs with short, fine coat velvety to the touch and black flopping ears that show their alertness personality.

Origin & History

The Dalmatian’s origin is still a mystery, but many of them believed that they were originated in the central European region of Dalmatia as their name itself derives them of that region.

The unique spotted dog was bred to use in a variety of works, such as bird and hunting dog, a retriever, a trail hound; however, they were originally known as a coach dog. And there is even archeological evidence such as sketches and engravings which represent a dog similar to Dalmatian working with Egyptian Chariots.

Is Dalmatian Child-Friendly?

Dalmatian can be a great playmate for children. With high energy and enthusiasm for games, both Dalamtion and your child will have an amazing time tiring each other out. But his rambunctious nature may sometimes be overwhelming to young children and may knock down them. So special supervision is needed while interacting between small children and Dalmatian.

Behavior, Temperament & Personality

The Dalmatians are high energy dogs with an endless capacity for exercise. They love to be around people and are known to be attention seeker and always eager to please their owner, which makes them easy to train.

Dalmatians are smart and alert dogs who show interest in everything that goes’s around and that’s what makes them excellent watchdogs too.

The Dalmatians are known to be active dogs but in spite of that, they have very hyperactivity and destructive behavior like chewing and excessive barking. They are sometimes likely to be nervous and end up to be aggressive, but proper socialization and training can help build your Dalmatian’s confidence and lessen the risk of his behavioral issue.


Training a Dalmatian is not difficult for a confident and determined owner. They tend to form a strong bond with their owner which can be beneficial for you.

Training a Dalmatian should always involve positive reinforce, praise and lots of treats. Avoid harsh training or it will result in fearfulness as they tend to start out on the shy side.

Facts About Dalamatian

Top interesting facts about Dalmatian :

  • Dalmatian’s have many monikers including the English Coach Dog, the Carriage Dog, the Fire House Dog, the Plum Pudding Dog, and the Spotted Dick.
  • If you open Dalmatian’s mouth, you can even find spots inside their mouth.
  • Around 30 percent of all Dalmatian’s are inflicted with deafness.
  • The first president of the United States is known to be an early breeder of Dalmatian.
  • The popularity of Dalmatians blows with the Disney franchise 101 Dalmatians. 


General HealthHealthy
Common Health IssuesAllergies, Skin Allergies, Deafness,
Urolithiasis, Iris Sphincter Dysplasia,
Hip Dysplasia, Heart Disease
Vaccination RequiredCanine Parvovirus, Rabies,
Canine Parainfluenza, Kennel Cough,
Canine Coronavirus Canine Distemper,
SheddingHeavy Shedder
DroolingLow Drooler
GroomingEasy and Minimal Grooming Required
Weight Gain PotentialAverage to High
Separation AnxietyHigh Chance
AllergiesSkin Allergies
Diets and SupplementsProtein: 25%
Fat: 8%
FIsh Oil

The average life expectancy of a Dalmatian is 11-13 years. Some hereditary defects and disorders found in Dalmatians are as follows:

  • Deafness: The lack of complete or partial sense of hearing.
  • Hip Dysplasia: It involves abnormal development or degeneration of the coxofemoral (hip) joint.
  • Allergies: Any substance capable of inducing a reaction in that particular animal.
  • Entropion: The inversion, or the turning inward, of all or part of the edge of an eyelid.


The Dalmatian dog breeds are found in two colors:

  • Liver & White
  • Black & White


The Dalmatian puppies are born pure white and the spots seem to appear as they grow and the puppies are born with their ears closed, their ears open after the age of 12-16 days.

To get a healthy Dalmatian in the future, never buy one from an irresponsible breeder, puppy mill, or pet store. Find a reputable breeder who tests her breeding dogs to make sure they are free from genetic diseases and will show you health clearance.

Which Dogs Are Similar to Dalmatian?

Visit Doglime For More Dog Breed Information and their behavior.