Country of OriginHungary
Nicknames and Other NamesMagyar Vizsla
Hungarian Vizsla
Hungarian Pointer
Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Breed TypePurebred
GroupGun Dogs
Bred ForHunting, fowl, retrieving and pointing
Life Span12-14 years
Ideal WeightMale: 55-60 pounds
Female: 44-55 pounds
Ideal HeightMale:22-24 inches
feemale: 21-23 inches
Fur TypeShort, smooth, glossy
Common ColorsGolden Rust
MarkingsWhite markings
AvailabilityWidely available
AchievementsNational Symbol of Hungary
Suitable for ApartmentsNot very suitable
Used in World WarNo
Most Similar ToWirehaired Vizsla

The Vizsla is a medium-sized red-coated gun dog. They were bred for the purpose of pointing and retrieving. Although they are a hunting dog, they also make a great family companion. They are very attached to their family and are affectionate towards them.

The Vizsla is a short-coated dog that is smooth and dense. They have a lean but a muscular body, strong neck that is slightly longer. Their ears are thin and silky that hangs close to the cheeks. The tail is normally docked to 2/3 length. The overall appearance is strong that is best for working and hunting dog.

Origin and History

The origin of the Vizsla was in Hungary descended from hunting dogs that were used by the Magyars. They settled in Hungary more than a thousand years ago. They were bred as to point and also to retrieve. With its keen sense of smell, it would track, with good eyesight it would point. It was very popular among the Hungarian nobility.

One interesting history of the Vizsla is that it worked with the Falcons. They would point and flush the birds to the Falcons and the Falcons would dive and bring it to the people.

An old Picture of Vizsla dog.
Image Source: AKC

In 1960, the American Kennel Club recognized the Vizsla. It is registered under Sporting Group.

Is the Vizsla Child-Friendly?

The Vizsla is a child-friendly and tolerant dog which love and adores kids and can be great playmates. As a hunting dog, it has high energy, so its energy can be overwhelming for small kids.

If it is to be kept in a house with small children, close supervision is necessary. Teach your children to approach and behave around dogs.

Vizsla is child friendly
Boy hugging Vizsla.
Image Source: Instagram-@vizsla_lana

Temperament, Behavior, and Personality

Temperament: The temperament of the Vizsla is gentle but energetic. They are very gentle and loving towards the family. Due to their high energy, they make a great family companion. It likes to be involved in regular activities of the family and help them with the household works.

Behavior: Vizsla is a very active dog and they need to be exercised regularly. If they do not get the required exercise, they can be bored and destructive. They can start chewing things, and barking loudly that will only disturb your neighbor.

Personality: The personality of the Vizsla is friendly and affectionate. They love to be around people and are friendly towards them. They are suspicious of strangers but if introduced properly, they are welcoming of them. Due to their high hunting instinct, small pets are not much suitable for them but they do well with their sized canine if raised together.


Training Vizsla is not a hard task to do as it is a smart and intelligent dog. However, they are independent and can be stubborn sometimes. So, a firm and consistent leadership should be established.

Use positive reinforcement to motivate them and encourage them. Do not be harsh on your Vizsla, as it might get scared and even aggressive. Be gentle and teach them patiently.
A video about training Vizsla.


  • The Vizsla is also known by its nickname, “Velcro dog.”
  • After World War I, the vizsla nearly became extinct. Thankfully it was preserved by its fanciers.
  • Vizsla dogs even worked at Ground Zero soon after the deadly 9/11 twin attacks.

Health Issues

General HealthHealthy
Common Health IssuesCancer, Sebaceous Adenitis,
Epilepsy, Hip Dysplasia
Vaccination RequiredKennel Cough, Canine Coronavirus, Rabies,
Canine Distemper, Canine Parvovirus,
Leptospirosis, Canine Parainfluenza
SheddingModerate Shedder
DroolingLow Drooler
GroomingEasy and Minimal Grooming Required
Weight Gain PotentialLow to Average
Separation AnxietyModerate Chance
Diets and SupplementsProtein: 26%
Fat: 8%
Milk Thistle
Omega-3 and 6 Fatty Acids

The average life span of the Vizsla is between 12-14 years. During these years, it can face some possible canine diseases which are explained below:

  • Hip Dysplasia: It is a condition that occurs when there is hip joints dislocation or underdeveloped of the joints. It causes pain on the back of your dog, causing them difficult to move from one place to another. Therefore, timely and proper treatment is necessary after a vet consult.
  • Epilepsy: It is a condition that is caused by seizures. You can manage epilepsy with medication but it cannot be cured. However, it is not a serious condition that hampers your dog life. Your dog can live it normal healthy life.


According to the American Kennel Club, the Vizsla comes in the following colors and markings:

  • Golden Rust
  • Golden
  • Red
  • Red Golden
  • Rust
  • Rust Golden
  • Sandy Yellow
  • White markings


Height and Size: The average height of the male Vizsla is between 22-24 inches and the female is between 21-23 inches. The average weight of the male is between 55-60 pounds and the female is between 45-55 pounds.

Cost: The average cost of the Vizsla puppy is between $800-$1300 USD.

Similar Dog Breeds to Vizsla

Visit Doglime for more information about dog breeds history, behavior, training, and puppies.