Country of OriginRussia
Nicknames and Other NamesBolonka Zwetna
Franzuskaya Bolonks
Russian Lapdog
Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Breed TypePurebred
GroupToy Group
Bred ForCompanion dog
Recognized ByAKC
Life Span12-16 years
Ideal Weight4.5-11 pounds (male and female)
Ideal Height9-10 inches (male and female)
Fur TypeCurly or wavy, medium length
Common ColorsGray, Black, Red, Wolfgray, Brown
MarkingsSilver markings, Tan markings,
Fawn markings
AvailabilityRarely available
Suitable for ApartmentsYes
Used in World WarNo
Most Similar ToBolognese

The Russkaya Tsvetnaya Bolonka is a small dog breed who was originally bred as a house pet for apartment living. Dogs of this breed are very sweet and loving nature and are easy going with everyone.

The Russkaya Tsvetnaya Bolonka is a happy and playful dog breed who should never appear fragile but rather should be sturdy. They are cute little lap dogs often considered a toy breed.

Origin And History Of Russkaya Tsvetnaya Bolonka

The Russkaya Tsvetnaya Bolonka has originated in Russia and its history dates back as far as the early 19th century. This breed was presented by the King Louis IV of France as gifts to Russian nobility.

Russkaya Tsvetnaya Bolonka is also known as Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka which means “colored lapdog”. Dogs of these breeds is a member of the Bichon family that nearly went extinct until after the Cold War.

The Russkaya Tsvetnaya Bolonka is a toy dog in the company of the Yorkshire Terrier, Poodle, and Maltese.

Are They Child-Friendly?

Yes, Russkaya Tsvetnaya Bolonka is friendly with children. They make great playmates with children, especially with the older ones. However, they do not recommend with children under 5 years old as they are small in size and can easily be injured if roughly handled.

It is important to teach your child, how to interact with dogs, and need to supervise their every small interaction in order to make sure their play is not rough and both are respectful toward each other.

Temperament, Personality and Behavior

The Temperaments of this little fellow is loyal, clever, alert, obedient and fun-loving. They are very intelligent and known to be quick learners who quickly understands the minds of their family member.

These dogs are quite affectionate and when caressed, they would sit quietly on your lap and will love to give you company. They are well known for their good behavior as they get along well with kids and other pets. They may generally develop a territorial nature which makes them good watchdog.

The Russkaya Tsvetnaya Bolonka has an independent personality but will definitely be obedient and will follow your instructions if you treat them with love and care. They are alert dogs but will not be a constant barker if early trained and socialized.


The Russkaya Tsvetnaya Bolonka is fairly easy to train dogs. Because of their clever and smart temperament, they perform well informal training such as obedience, rally, agility, and tracking with the firm and a gentle hand.

Do not be rude or command in loud in pitch as they will never respond well to any kind of mental or physical abuse.


Facts about Russkaya Tsvetnaya Bolonko:

  • The plural of Bolonka is Bolonki.
  • They have signed the Toy Group designation.
  • This breed got its name since 1966
  • This breed has been recorded in the foundation stock service since February 2015

Health Issues

General HealthHealthy
Common Health IssuesLiver Shunt, Patellar Luxation,
Hip Dysplasia, Hypothyroidism
Vaccination RequiredKennel Cough, Rabies, Canine Distemper,
Canine Coronavirus, Canine Parvovirus,
Leptospirosis, Canine Parainfluenza
SheddingNone to Minimal
DroolingAverage Drooler
GroomingProfessional Grooming Required
Weight Gain PotentialAverage
Separation AnxietyHigh Chance
Diets and SupplementsProtein: 18%
Fat: 5%

The Russkaya Tsvetnaya Bolonko is prone to suffer from typical small dog health conditions, such as:

  • Hip Dysplasia: common skeletal conditions, seems to occur more in large dogs but sometimes may occur in small dogs too.
  • Luxating Patella: It occurs when your dog’s kneecap is dislocated from its own position. It mostly occurs in toy dogs.
  • Liver Shunt: It occurs when an abnormal connection forms between the portal vein or one of its branches and allowing blood to bypass or shunt around the Liver.


The Russkaya Tsvetnaya Bolonka Are Found In 5 Color, which include:

  • Black
  • Grey
  • Brown
  • White
  • Red


Russkaya Tsvetnaya Bolonka Is Easy Going Dogs
Russkaya Tsvetnaya Bolonka Puppy Image Via Pet4Homes

The Russkaya Tsvetnaya Bolonko gives birth to 1-3 puppies at a time. If you are planning to have a puppy of this breed, then you can find it priced from $800 USD to $3500 USD depending on breeders and location.

Which Dogs Are They Similar To?

Dogs similar to Russkaya Tsvetnaya Bolonko are:

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