Country of OriginSlovakia
Nicknames and Other NamesSlovak Chuvach
Slovak tschuvatsch
Slovak Cuvac
Tatransky Cuvac
Scientific NameCanis luspus familiaris
Breed TypePurebred
GroupHerding Dog
Bred ForHeding and guarding livestock
Recognized ByAKC, FCI, UKC
Life Span11-13 years
Ideal Weight68-97 pounds (male and female)
Ideal Height23-27.5 inches (male and female)
Fur TypeThick, wavy, medium length
Common ColorsWhite
AvailabilityModerately availabe
Suitable for ApartmentsModerately suitable
Used in World WarNo
Most Similar ToGreat Pyrenees

Slovensky Cuvac is also known as Slovak Chuvach, Slovak Cuvac, Tatransky Cuvac, and Slovensky Kuvac. It is a large-sized dog breed that has a similar appearance to the Great Pyrenees.

It is a fearless dog that can face any dangerous situation to protect itself and its family. Apartment life is not recommended for it because of its large size. Therefore, they need a bigger space like farm and ranches to roam around freely without bumping on things.

Slovensky Cuvac has a head which is proportionate to the size of the body. The jaws are strong with a sharp bite. Their ears are high set that hangs upon the cheeks and the eyes are oval-shaped, dark brown in color. The neck is small but powerful and the chest is board. Their coat is double with a thick outer coat and dense undercoat.

Origin and History

The origin of the Slovensky Cuvac was in Slovakia in the 17th century. They are derived from the Arctic wolf back to the pre-ice ages. People used them as to guard, pull the carts and as the companion of the Slovakian people.

As wolfs slowly began to decrease, the Slovensky Cuvac nearly became extinct. However, after World War II, a veterinarian work on to save the breed and succeded.

The Slovensky Cuvac was internationally recognized in 1969. However, the American Kennel Club has kept this breed under the Foundation Stock Service (as of April 2019) since February 2009.

Is Slovensky Cuvac Child-Friendly?

Slovensky Cuvac is a child-friendly dog as they are very tolerant and protective of kids. They like to be with them and play with them, which makes them a great play company for children.

Due to their large size, small children should be supervised, as Slovensky Cuvac can knock over them and injure them.

Slovensky Cuvac is child friendly
Slovensky Cuvac playing with children.
Image Source: Instagram- @vladky

Temperament, Behavior, and Personality

Temperament: The Slovensky Cuvac has courageous, faithful, and loyal temperament. As a livestock guardian, they have a strong instinct to protect the family and their properties. Therefore, they are considered as a great guard, which is suspicious of strangers and do not trust them easily. If properly introduced with the people, they can be welcoming of them.

Behavior: The Slovensky Cuvac is very much attached with its family members, due to which, they are always seeking their attention. If it is left alone for a longer period of time without any human interaction, it may be depressed and might face separation anxiety. Therefore, they should not be left on their own for a long time.

Personality: The personality of the Slovensky Cuvac is alert, lively, and fearless with both human and animals. They play with the family the whole day and remain watchful and alert at night, guarding the family and the house. They are wary of strangers and does not get well with other pets too unless they are raised together.


Slovensky Cuvac is mildly hard to train but if trained with firmness and consistency, they can be trained with less effort. So, establish a firm leadership upon them and be gentle as harsh treatment can make them scared or even aggressive. Therefore, while training, be gentle on them and reward them with delicious treats and vocal praises. This will motivate and encourage them.


  • The American Kennel Club has assigned Slovensky Cuvac to a herding group.
  • The Slovensky Cuvac once started to become rare and nearly extinct. However, Dr. Antonin Hruza of the Brno School of Veterinary Medicine saved this breed after World War II.

Health Problems

General HealthHealthy
Common Health IssuesBloat, Obesity, Hip Dysplasia, Hypothyroidism
Vaccination RequiredRabies, Canine Parvovirus, Canine Coronavirus,
Canine Distemper, Canine Parainfluenza,
Leptospirosis, Kennel Cough
SheddingModerate Shedder
DroolingAverage Drooler
GroomingAverage Grooming Required
Weight Gain PotentialAverage to High
Separation AnxietyModerate Chance
Diets and SupplementsProtein: 28%
Fat: 10%
Omega-3 and 6 Fatty Acids

The average life expectancy of the Slovensky Cuvac is 11-13 years. They can possibly suffer from the following diseases between these years.

  • Bloat: Bloat is a gastric dilation, where the stomach will fill with gas and the abdomen can be seen ballooning up from the outside. Improper eating habits cause this situation. Therefore, give them a proper diet in proper time to avoid bloat.
  • Hip Dysplasia: This situation is mostly seen in large dogs like Slovensky Cuvac. Hip dysplasia is the dislocation or underdeveloped of the hip joints or bones. This condition is mainly due to genetic, but sometimes it is caused due to insufficient exercise and regular activities. Therefore, involve your dog in regular, enough exercise.


The Slovensky Cuvac comes only in white color. However, some yellow shading is acceptable but not desirable.


Cost: The average cost of the Slovensky Cuvac puppy is between $800-$1200 USD. However, the price may vary from breeders with high and low quality breeding.

Height and Size: The average height of the Slovensky Cuvac is between 23-27.5 inches and the average weight is between 68-97 pounds.

Similar Dog Breeds to Slovensky Cuvac

Tornjak which is similar to Slovensky Cuvac


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