General Information

Dog NameBorzoi
Other NamesRussian Grayhound
Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Breed TypeSight Hound
Country of OriginRussia

Physical And Size

Min Life Span9
Max Life Span14
Min Ideal Weight for male34
Max Ideal Weight for male38
Min Ideal Weight for female27
Max Ideal Weight for male38


Intelligent Rank
Affection Level
Social Needs
Watchdog Ability


TemperamentGentle, Smart, Sensible
Prey DriveYes
Fighting DogNo


Stranger FriendlyHigh
Child FriendlyMedium
Cat FriendlyLow
Apartment FriendlyHigh
Senior Citizens FriendlyHigh
Service DogHigh
Search and Rescue DogHigh
Biting PotentialLow
Country of OriginRussia
Nicknames and Other NamesBarzoi, Russian Grayhound,
Siberian Wolfhound, Russian Wolfhound
Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Breed TypeSight Hound
GroupHound Group
Bred ForWolf and Stage hunting
Life Span9-14 Years
Ideal WeightMale: 75-105 pounds
Female: 60-85 pounds
Ideal HeightMale: 30-33 inches
Female: 29-31 inches
Fur TypeMedium length, wavy, and silky
Common ColorsBlack, Brindle, Cream, Gold,
Black and Tan, Black and Brindle,
Red, Sable
MarkingsBlack Mask, Spotted on White,
White Trim
AvailabilityWidely Available
AchievementsPortrait in works in the art-deco period
Suitable for ApartmentsModerately
Used in World WarNo
Most Similar ToSaluki

The Borzoi, originally from Russia is known by many names like Russian Wolfhound, the Russian Greyhound, and the Siberian Wolfhound. They are a sighthound known for its elegant looks, agility, speed, and courage. Borzois are a racy athlete with a tall, slender body and graceful moves. They have a narrow but deep chest and curvy back.

Borzoi has a long face with their ears laying back in the neck and a long feathery tail. They have a thick ruff of curly hair around their neck.

Origin and History

Borzoi were bred in Russia centuries ago as a coursing sighthound. They were bred by Russian noble for wolves hunting and stage hunting. Their job was to chase wolves or stage and hold them till the hunters come to bind it. These extravagant affairs concluded with a great feast i the manor house.

History of Borzoi
Image Source: mental floss

After the Russian Revolution in 1918, many Borzois were slaughtered due to their association with the aristocracy. Luckily, few Borzois were sent to other countries as a gift to the royal families which help Borzoi’s admirer to save and bred more. The Borzoi currently rank 98 of 193 among the registered breeds of American Kennel Club.

Is Borzoi Child-Friendly?

Borzoi is not a aggressive dog but they are not tolerant of children poking and pulling. With their tall body, they can knock over a child and injure them. So, it is best not to bring a Borzoi in a house with small children. However, an older children can be a great companion with Borzoi.

Always supervise your child and dog playtime. Teach your child, how to approach a dog.

Borzoi Playing with a Baby Girl

Behavior, Temperament and Personality

Borzoi has a quiet, gentle, and intelligent personality. While as a puppy, they are loud and naughty but as they reach adulthood, they become quiet and sensible, more like a cat’s personality. They want to be loved and nurtured by their people.

As a quiet dog, Borzoi is not likely to make a great watchdog. They are not suspicious of people and do not bark if he sees some stranger approaching them, rather they become friendly towards them. If you are looking for a dog that is quiet, light on feet and is graceful and elegant looking, Borzoi is for you.


Being a hound dog, training Borzoi can be a challenging job to do like with any hound dogs. They are independent and like to do things on their own without anyone interpreting them. However, positive reinforcement will do a trick. Include treats in your training and do no make the session long and repeat the task. They will be bored and will not focus on you.

Start training your Borzoi as soon as you bring him home. They are capable of soaking up things even in eight weeks old.


  • Borzoi is a crossed breed of Arabian Greyhound and thick-coated Russian breed.
  • A Borzoi Puppy’s head needs time to mature to its final shape which takes about 3 years.
  • The Borzoi was known as Russian Wolfhound until 1936.
  • The name ‘Borzoi’ actually means ‘Swift’ in Russia.
  • Borzoi was officially recognized by American Kennel Club in 1891.

Health Issues

General HealthHealthy
Common Health IssuesBloat, Hip Dysplasia, Thyroid Disorder,
Heart Problem, Elbow Dysplasia,
Dental Problem, Patellar Luxation,
Osteochondrosis Dissecans
Vaccination RequiredRabies, Canine Distemper, Leptospirosis,
Canine Parainfluenza, Kennel Cough,
Canine Parvovirus, Canine Coronavirus
SheddingHeavy Shedder
GroomingHigh grooming required
Weight Gain PotentialLow to Average
Separation AnxietyModerate Chance
Diets and SupplementsProtein: 18%
Fat: 8%
Phosphorus: 1%
Calcium: 1.2%
Omega Fatty Acids

Borzoi is generally healthy and the more likely health problem they could face is a genetic health condition. Other canine diseases they might suffer from are:

  • Bloat
  • Hip Dysplasia
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy
  • Allergies

Coats and Colors

Borzoi has a long coat which can be silky, flat, curly and wavy. Theirs coat comes in any colors combination. They shed a lot but only once a year and should be brushed frequently.


Borzoi Puppies sleeping


The average cost of a Borzoi puppy is between $1000- $1200 USD. But, if you consider adopting a puppy, it can be comparatively low that includes only the expenses of taking care of the puppy before adaptation.


The average height of the male Borzoi is 28 inches and female is 26 inches. The average weight of the male is 90 pounds and female is 70 pounds.

Dog Breeds Similar to Borzoi

Visit Doglime for more dog breed information and their behavior.