General Information

Dog NameDogue de Bordeaux
Other NamesBordeaux
Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Breed TypeMastiff
GroupGuardian and Working dog
Breed ForFighting in arena
Country of OriginFrance

Physical And Size

Min Life Span10
Max Life Span12
Min Ideal Weight for male56
Max Ideal Weight for male60
Min Ideal Weight for female50
Max Ideal Weight for male60


Intelligent Rank
Affection Level
Social Needs
Watchdog Ability


TemperamentVigilant, Courageous, Sweet
Prey DriveYes
Fighting DogYes


Stranger FriendlyLow
Child FriendlyMedium
Cat FriendlyMedium
Dog FriendlyLow
Office FriendlyLow
Apartment FriendlyHigh
Senior Citizens FriendlyHigh
Service DogHigh
Search and Rescue DogHigh
Biting PotentialHigh
Country of OriginFrance
Nicknames and Other NamesBordeaux dog, Bordeaux Mastiff,
French Mastiff
Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Breed TypePurebred
GroupGuardian Dog, Working Dog
Bred ForFighting in arena
Recognized ByAKC, UKC, ANKC, NZKC, KC, FCI
Life Span10-12 years
Ideal WeightMale: 150 pounds
Female: 125 pounds
Ideal HeightMale: 24-27 inches
Female:23-26 inches
Fur TypeSoft, Fine, Short
Common ColorsRed, Fawn, Mahogany, Isabella
MarkingsWhite patches, Black Mask
White markings, Brown Mask
AvailabilityCommonly available
AchievementsMilitary Dog, Service Dog
Suitable for ApartmentsNo
Used in World WarService dog in World War II
Most Similar ToNeapolitan Mastiff

The Dogue de Bordeaux dog is a Molosser “dogue” meaning mastiff in French. A massive body and stocky body are the trademarks of this breed.
Dogue de Bordeaux is a powerful and muscular French breed.

The Dogue de Bordeaux dog is fearless, proud and is gentle with children and family members. Dogue de Bordeaux makes an excellent watchdog and guard dogs. They tend to snore and sometimes drool.

The Dogue de Bordeaux is calm and patient and should be well socialized with other animals from early ages. Dogue de Bordeaux has a patient, gentle temperament and sometimes aggressive with other pets.

Origin and history

There are some theories about the origin of the Dogue de Bordeaux. It may be descended from the Bulldog, Tibetan Mastiff and from the Greek and Roman Molossus or from the Spanish dogs from Burgos. At the end of the middle ages, the Dogue was as a cattle driver and personal bodyguard. The Dogue de Bordeaux is now  established in France and gaining more popularity in other countries. The breed was recognized by AKC in 2008.

United States imported the first Dogue de Bordeaux  in 1959 but it was not until 30 years later that DDB gained widespread recognition, thanks to his scene-stealing role in the Tom Hanks comedy “Turner and Hooch”. It is currently ranked 68th in popularity.

Are they child friendly?

Yes, Dogue de Bordeaux dogs are child-friendly as they are more loyal to families and children However, children they don’t know may be more of a challenge. Children should always be supervised. They should be trained on how to interact with animals to avoid incidents.

Dogue de Bordeaux dogs can cause trouble when it comes to smaller pets including cats and other dogs. They may learn to interact with these animals if they are trained properly. This breed is most suitable for homes with no other pets.

facts of dogue de bordeaux dog
Dogue de Bordeaux with a kid.

Behavior, Temperament and Personality

Personality: Dogue de Bordeaux is serious and self-assured with an underlying sense of humor. They are a vigilant as well as a courageous companion. It comes with personalities like aloof, outgoing, comical, sweet, feisty, and quick to learn. He behaves according to the personality.

Temperament: The temperament of Dogue de Bordeaux Dog Breed is affected by the number of factors including heredity, training, and socialization when they are puppies. Puppies with good temperament are willing to approach people and be held by them. Enrolling them into a puppy kindergarten is a great start.

Behavior: The Dogue de Bordeaux doesn’t come ready-made from the breeder with all good characters. Any dogs no matter how nice can develop undesirable behaviors if he is bored, untrained or unsupervised.


Dogue de Bordeaux dogs are very smart and easy to train. Puppy classes are required for general socialization and training. They love training and learning and both make for a better companion and build a good relationship with the owner and family.

Dogue thrives on positive teaching methods. They excel in obedience, agility and herding, and even barn hunt and lure coursing and owners will discover something fun to do with their dogs. They may be stubborn but are trainable.

There are many circumstances where over-training your dog can be harmful and even undo all the hard work you and your puppy have put in. Positive reward-based training is important for your dogs.


Some of the facts related to Dogue de Bordeaux dogs are as follows:

  • It is said that the breed originates from the Bordeaux region of France
  • The Dogue de Bordeaux is distinguished by its wide and pronounced muzzle, loose and wrinkled facial  skin and stocky body and limbs
  • The breed has a strong prey drive and required a firm leadership
  • Various health complaints are identified in Dogue de Bordeaux
  • Dogue de Bordeaux dogs have a height of 1 foot 11 inches  to 2 feet  3 inches
  • Dogue de Bordeaux weigh about 100 pounds
  • Dogue de Bordeaux has a life span of 8 to 12 years
Dogue de Bordeaux facts

Health issues

General HealthHealthy
Common Health IssuesHip Dysplasia, Elbow Dysplasia, Obesity,
Patellar Luxation, Diabetes, Cancer, Allergy
Vaccination RequiredRabies, Canine Parvovirus, Leptospirosis,
Canine Parainfluenza, Kennel Cough,
Canine Coronavirus, Canine Distemper
SheddingModerate Shedder
DroolingBig Drooler
GroomingEasy and Minimal Grooming Required
Weight Gain PotentialAverage to High
Separation AnxietyModerate Chance
AllergiesSkin Allergy
Diets and SupplementsProtein: 32%
Fat: 12%
Fish Oil

Dogue de Bordeaux dogs are healthy dogs but like other dogs, they are prone to certain health problems. They are:

  • Dilated cardiomyopathy: It is a condition where the heart is enlarged and cannot pump the blood effectively.
  • Aortic stenosis: It is the process of narrowing of aortic valve
  • Ectropion: It is a condition in which the eyelid everts outward
  • Hypothyroidism: It is a disorder  where the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone
  • Glaucoma: Without treatment, glaucoma can cause total permanent blindness within a few years


Dogue de Bordeaux is found in following different colors:

  • Fawn
  • Red
  • Mahogany



The average cost of the puppy is about $1000-$1300.


The males of Dogue de Bordeaux have a height of 60-67 cm and female have a height of 57-65cm. The male weighs about 54-65 kg and female weigh about 54-65 kg.

Which dog breed are they similar to?

Some of the breeds similar to Dogue de Bordeaux dogs are as follows:

Visit Doglime to know more about different breeds of dogs.