General Information

Dog NameCentral Asian Shepherd Dog
Other NamesCentral Asian Mastiff
Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Breed TypeMastiff
Breed ForGuarding and hearding livestock
Country of OriginUzbekistan, Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan

Physical And Size

Min Life Span12
Max Life Span15
Min Ideal Weight for male58
Max Ideal Weight for male64
Min Ideal Weight for female44
Max Ideal Weight for male64


Intelligent Rank
Affection Level
Social Needs
Watchdog Ability


TemperamentIndependent, Loyal, Protective
Prey DriveNo
Fighting DogNo


Stranger FriendlyLow
Child FriendlyMedium
Cat FriendlyMedium
Dog FriendlyLow
Office FriendlyLow
Apartment FriendlyLow
Senior Citizens FriendlyLow
Service DogLow
Search and Rescue DogLow
Biting PotentialMedium
Country of OriginUzbekistan
Nicknames and Other NamesCentral Asian Mastiff, Aziat, CAO
Central Asian Ovtcharka, Ovcharka
Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Breed TypePurebred (shepherd dog)
GroupHerding Group
Bred ForLivestock Guardian Dogs
Recognized ByUCK, AKC, FCI, ANCK, NAKC
Life Span12-15 years
Ideal WeightMale: 130-220 pounds
Female: 99-143 pounds
Ideal HeightMale: 28-37 inches
Female: 26-31 inches
Fur TypeDense, double-coated
Common ColorsBlack, Fawn, Brindle. Gray
MarkingsWhite Markings
AvailabilityCommonly available
Suitable for ApartmentsNo
Used in World WarNo
Most Similar ToCaucasian Shepherd Dog

The Central Asian Shepherd is known to be an ancient working flock guardian, who is classified as Molossian group 2.

The Central Asian Shepherd is known to be an excellent multi-purpose dog breed in its native country Russia. This breed is used for many purposes including livestock protection, personal and property protection, dogfighting, military work, and family companion as well.

Origin Of Central Asian Shepherd

This multi-purpose breed is thought to be one of the oldest breeds of the planet as there are records of this breeds which is about 5000 years ago. Unlike many other breeds today, they are not man-made or created by any specific person or country. They are developed through natural selection.

Because of their loyalty, courage, and devotion, they usually used to work with the man and other dogs in the challenging region of Mongolia, the Urals, the northwest border of China, Asia Minor, and the Caspian Sea.

And due to their courage, high stamina and endurance, they are often mentioned as “Wolf Crusher” or “Volkodav.

In spite of the fact that these cool-looking breeds are not recognized by the Kennel Club in the UK, but they are being recognized by many other international breed association.

Are They Child-Friendly?

The Central Asian Shepherd is known to be easy going with kids and tends to form a strong bond with their families and children as well. In spite of being large, they are gentle and kind when they are around children.

However, care has to be taken when they are around children because they are known to be overprotective and may hurt your child accidentally.

Behavior,Temperament and Personality

Central Asian Shepherd Dog are well-known for their loyalty and courage and because of this temperament, they are highly prized in their native land. And their this devoted nature makes them a good watchdog too. They are very fun-loving to their families and will always come forward to protect them without any hesitation.

CAS are very intelligent dogs
Central Asian Shepherd Dog
Image Via youtube

Central Asian Shepherd may not be the best choice for first-time owners, as they need to handled and trained by someone who is familiar with such a large and powerful dog.

Interacting them directly with a stranger may not be a good idea, as they are known to be aloof and wary with strangers. They may show their aggressive behavior towards strangers.


Central Asian Shepherd Dog is highly intelligent dogs are known to be quick learners as well and it makes them easy to train. However, their training has to be started early and it has to be consistent throughout their lives.

Dogs of this breed are identified as proud dogs and may not respond well until they know that you are the leader of the pack. And once they are convinced that you are the leader than they would genuinely enjoy your companionship and will pleasure to pay attention while their training.


Facts about Central Asian Shepherd dogs:

  • They are also known by other names including Alabai, Central Asian Ovtcharka, CAO, Aziat.
  • This breed is known for its fearlessness towards large predators.
  • Popularity #127 out of 244 Dog Breeds.
  • Height- Males 65 – 78 cm and Females 60 – 69 cm .
  • Weight- Males 55 – 79 kg and Females 40 – 65 kg .


General HealthHealthy
Common Health IssuesHip Dysplasia, Elbow Dysplasia, Cataracts,
Cancer, Diabetes, Heart Disease,
Patellar Luxation
Vaccination RequiredRabies, Canine Distemper,
Canine Parvovirus, Canine Parainfluenza,
Canine Coronavirus Leptospirosis,
Kennel Cough,
SheddingAverage to High Shedder
DroolingHigh Drooler
GroomingEasy and Minimal Grooming Required
Weight Gain PotentialAverage to High
Separation AnxietyModerate Chance
AllergiesSkin Allergy
Diets and SupplementsProtein: 32%
Fat: 15%

The Central Asian Shepherd are healthy dogs with an average life span of 12-15 years. Unlike many other, these powerful dogs don’t suffer from serious health problems, thanks to their larger gene pool.

But some dogs of these breeds may suffer from some common health issues, such as:

  • Hip dysplasia – Breeders should have their stud dogs hip scored
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Bloat/gastric torsion (GDV)

Coat Colors & Patterns:

The Central Asian Shepherd can have a short to moderately long coat with a very thick, dense and heavy undercoat. They come in a variety of colors, such as:

  • Black with or without white markings
  • Brindle with or without white markings
  • Fawn with or without white markings
  • Grey with or without white markings
  • White with or without white markings


If you are deciding to adopt a Central Asian Puppy then you may have to go on for the waiting list, because these puppies are rare and not easily available. Puppy of this breed will cost you more than £500.

In future if you own a Central Asian Shepherd puppy then you need to take care of the fact that they should not be over-exercised because at that age their bones and Joints are growing, and if you apply to much pressure on them, then they may face problems in future.

Dogs Similar To Central Asian Sherpherd

Other dogs similar to this breed are:

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