General Information

Dog NameGerman Pinscher
Other NamesDeutscher Pinscher
Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Breed TypePinscher
Breed ForHunting and killing vermins
Country of OriginGermany

Physical And Size

SizeSmall to Medium
Min Life Span12
Max Life Span14
Min Ideal Weight for male14
Max Ideal Weight for male17
Min Ideal Weight for female11
Max Ideal Weight for male17


Intelligent Rank
Affection Level
Social Needs
Watchdog Ability


TemperamentLively, Smart, Courageous
Prey DriveYes
Fighting DogNo


Stranger FriendlyMedium
Child FriendlyMedium
Cat FriendlyMedium
Dog FriendlyMedium
Office FriendlyLow
Apartment FriendlyMedium
Senior Citizens FriendlyMedium
Service DogMedium
Search and Rescue DogMedium
Biting PotentialMedium
Country of OriginGermany
Nicknames and Other NamesDeutscher Pinscher
Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Breed TypePurebred
GroupWorking Group
Bred ForHunting and killing vermins
Life Span12-14 years
Ideal Weight25-45 pounds (male and female)
Ideal Height17-20 (male and female)
Fur TypeShort, smooth, dense
Common ColorsBlack, Fawn, Red, Blue, Brown
MarkingsTan markings, Red and Tan markings,
Red markings
AvailabilityCommonly available
Suitable for ApartmentsYes
Used in World WarNo
Most Similar ToDoberman Pinscher

German Pinscher was developed as a working dog used for hunting and killing Vermin. But today it has proved himself to be an all-around kind of working dog. It works as a service dog, therapy dog, and as a pampered pet which enjoys the comforts of family.

German Pinscher dogs are completely, utterly, and permanently devoted to you which makes them an excellent guard dog. Despite an independent streak, he likes to be in the middle of the family activities, right there with you.

Origin and History

The German Pinscher was originated in Germany somewhere between the late 1700s and 1800s. There is no clear evidence of when he was developed but a painting that dates about 1780 portrays a dog similar in appearance to the German Pinscher.

German Pinscher was a foundation dog for many breeds, including the Miniature Pinscher and Doberman Pinscher. The breed was founded by the Rat Pinscher, known as the Rat Catcher or the Great Ratter. The German Pinscher was recognized as a dog breed in 1895.

Is German Pinscher child-friendly?

Yes, German Pinscher dogs are child-friendly because they do well with children if brought up with them from puppyhood. Because of his friendly nature, he does best with older children, preferably those over the age of nine. An older German Pinscher who is unfamiliar with children will probably do best in a home with kids who are mature enough to interact with dogs.

Always teach the children how to approach German Pinscher dogs. Proper supervision is necessary between the children and dogs. Never let your child pull the ear or tail while the dog is sleeping or taking rest. This makes them angry and can bite the dogs.

Behavior, temperament and personality

The behavior of German Pinscher is strong-willed, devoted and in need of a consistent owner. He can take over a home if rules are not set when he is young. With training and consistency, German Pinscher learn quickly. He is an excellent guard dog and is suspicious of strangers.

The temperament of the German Pinscher dog is affected by the training you give to them. One thing you should know about this breed is he has the tendency to jump up when greeting family and friends. Start teaching him from an early age to keep all four feet on the ground when meeting people.

The personality of German Pinscher is defined by highly intelligent dogs with strong prey drive. He is strong-willed with a strong work ethic and is a devoted family companion. He is a go-everywhere, do-everything kind of dog.

facts of German Spinscher dogs
German Pinscher dog source: instagram@ ikasalacia


In the dog training area, the German Pinscher is a highly intelligent dog and they are good learners. They can be strong-willed and stubborn at sometimes. According to this breed’s parent club, these dogs can be manipulative and intent on getting their own way.

German Pinscher may become bored with the basic dog obedience training unless you are creative and make it interesting. After your dog has learned a lesson, move on to the next new thing. Use positive reinforcement training techniques and you will get positive responses.

Facts of German Spinscher dogs

Some of the facts of German Pinscher dogs are as follows:

  • German Pinscher is ranked 136 according To AKC
  • German Pinscher is recognized as a working breed according to AKC
  • The weight of male German Pinscher is 25 to 35 lbs and the weight of the female is 25 to 35 lbs
  • The height of male German Pinscher is 17 to 20 inches and height of female is 17 to 20 inches
  • The average life span of German Pinscher is about 12 to 14 years
  • The breed origin is from Germany
  • German Pinschers are used for vermin hunter, coach guardian, and watchdog
Amazing facts of German Spinscher dog

Health Issues

General HealthHealthy
Common Health IssuesCataracts, Hip Dysplasia, Von Willebrand,
Obesity, Bloat, Patellar Luxation, Epilepsy
Vaccination RequiredCanine Parainfluenza, Kennel Cough,
Canine Coronavirus, Rabies, Canine Distemper,
Canine Parvovirus, Leptospirosis
SheddingLow Shedder
DroolingLow Drooler
GroomingMinimal Grooming Required
Weight Gain PotentialAverage
Separation AnxietyModerate Chance
Diets and SupplementsProtein: 22%
fat: 8%
Fish Oil

German Pinscher dogs are generally healthy but like other breeds, they are prone to certain health issues. Some of the health problems are as follows:

  • Hip dysplasia: This is a condition in which the thighbone doesn’t fit into the hip joint
  • Cataracts: It causes opacity on the lens of the eye, resulting in poor vision
  • Von Willebrand’s diseases: this is a blood disorder that affects the clotting process


German Pinscher dogs are found in following different colors:

  • Black
  • Fawn
  • Blue
  • Brown
  • Red



The average cost of the German Pinscher puppies is about $1400 to $1600


German Pinschers have a height of 43 to 51 cm and weight of 11 to 20 kg

facts of German Spinscher dogs
German Pinscher puppy

Which dogs breed are they similar to?

Some of the breeds similar to German Pinscher dogs are as follows:

Visit Doglime to know about different dogs breed.