Country of OriginNorthwest Russia
Western Siberia
Nicknames and Other NamesSmiley
Samoiedskaya Sobaka
Nenetskaya Laika
Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Breed TypePurebred
GroupWorking Group
Spitz-type Group
Bred ForHerding livestock
Life Span12-14 years
Ideal WeightMale: 45-65 pounds
Female: 35-50 pounds
Ideal HeightMale: 21-23.5 pounds
Female: 19-21 inches
Fur TypeDense, fluffy, double-coated, soft
Common ColorsBiscuit, Cream, White and Biscuit, White
AvailabilityWidely available
AchievementsFeatured in movies and novels
Suitable for ApartmentsModerately suitable
Used in World WarNo
Most Similar ToYakutian Laika

With extremely graceful, powerful and tireless personality the Samoyed is known to be a delightful dog breed with an appealing appearance.

The Samoyed is a smart, mischievous and sociable dog who demands a lot of love and attention. They are strong-willed working breeds who are friendly, gentle and devoted family dogs.

Origin & History Of Samoyed

The Samoyed dogs were developed in Siberia and were bred for working hard in the world’s coldest place. At that time they mostly depend upon herds of reindeer for food and need to keep moving in order that reindeers could find enough food for themselves.

The first dog of these breeds came to England in the late 1800s but not all of them were pure white.

One of Samoyed was gifted to Queen Alexandria, who later promote this dog widely.

Are They Child- Friendly?

Samoyed Dogs  Standing With Child
Picture of four Samoyed Dogs With Baby.
Image Via People

Yes, Samoyed is good with children as they are lively dogs who enjoy playing with children and are deeply attached to them if treated with lots of love and attention. But due to its large size and strength, they can easily knock over small children or toddlers, so a responsible adult should supervise the interactions between Samoyed and children.

Temperament, Personality and Behavior

The temperaments of Samoyed is intelligent, gentle, friendly and loyal. They are affectionate and loving natured dogs who tend to form a close relationship with their family members and thrives on being part of family events.

They are friendly and smart breed who can be a talkative dog, signaling its likes and dislikes with howls or barks. It’s best to keep them busy or they may tend to establish destructive behaviors such as digging, jumping and chewing shoes.

Video of Samoyed Dog training at home.

The Samoyed has a playful and fun-loving personality who makes good companions of the person of every age. They are not aggressive towards anyone until you upset them. These dogs get along well with strangers, other dogs, and pets. They are calm when indoors, but sometimes mischievous and require daily exercise.

Samoyed sometimes tends to be independent and stubborn but are obedient and willing to please their family members.


When it comes to training, the Samoyed may tend to become stubborn, so in order to overcome their tendency to be stubborn, you need to be patient and consistent with their training. Positive reinforcement is the key to successful training, positively reinforce includes praise, play, and their favorite food. Make a daily schedule to exercise them in the form of long walks and active play in the yard.


Facts about Somayed are:

  • Their name is often pronounced Sa-MOY-ed, but the correct pronunciation is actually SAMmy-ed.
  • They are one of 14 ancient dog breeds with genetic footprints closest to wolves.
  • This dog is famous for its smile and that’s why they are nicknamed as “smiley”.
  • They are sensitive to heat.

Health Issues

General HealthHealthy
Common Health IssuesBloat, Hip Dysplasia, Pulmonic Stenosis,
Bloat, Diabetes, Progressive Retinal Atrophy
Vaccination RequiredRabies, Canine Parvovirus, Canine Distemper,
Leptospirosis, Kennel Cough,
Canine Coronavirus,
Canine Parainfluenza
SheddingHeavy Shedder
GroomingAdvance Grooming Required
Weight Gain PotentialAverage to High
Separation AnxietyHigh Chance
Diets and SupplementsProtin: 27%
Fat: 8%
Omega-3 and 6 Fatty Acids

Samoyeds are generally healthy dogs but like all other breeds they prone to some health conditions, which include:

  • Hip Dysplasia: an inherited condition in which the thighbone doesn’t fit into the hip joint.
  • Hypothyroidism: a disorder of the thyroid gland which is thought to be responsible for conditions such as alopecia (hair loss), obesity, lethargy, and other skin problems.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA): eye diseases that involve the gradual deterioration of the retina and can cause difficulty in seeing.


The Samoyeds are found in four colors, which include:

  • Biscuit
  • White
  • Cream
  • White & Biscuit


Somayed Puppies Tend To Be Stubborn
Picture of two beautiful Somayed Puppy With Lady.
Image Via Youtube

A Samoyed can give birth upto 4-6 puppies at a time. If you are looking to fetch a Samoyed puppy, then purchase it from a reputable breeder and make sure to verify that the breeder does genetic testing of their animals.

Which Dogs Are They Similar To?

Dogs similar to Samoyed are:

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