Country of OriginTaiwan
Nicknames and Other NamesTaiwanese Canis
Formosan Mountain Dog
Taiwan Canis
Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Breed TypePurebred
Bred ForHunting, Guarding, rescuing,
and stunt dog
Recognized ByAKC, FCI
Life Span9-13 years
Ideal Weight26-40 pounds (male and female)
Ideal Height17-20 inches (male and female)
Fur TypeDense, smooth and oily
Common ColorsBlack, White, Red, Fawn, Brindle,
White and Brindle, White and Black
MarkingsTan Points, Brindle Points,
White markings
AvailabilityRarely available
AchievementsPolice and military dogs
Suitable for ApartmentsNot suitable
Used in World WarNo
Most Similar ToKai Ken

The Taiwan Dog’s are well known for their bold and fearless personality. They are loyal and faithful to their master and has a keen sense. Dogs of these are breed is extremely versatile and can be used for many ways include hunting, guarding, search, stunt work and rescue as well.

The Taiwan Dog is a rare breed and is quite hard to find outside their native country. It is a medium-sized dog breed with triangular-shaped head and almond-shaped eyes.

Origin & History Of Taiwan Dog

Taiwan dogs are the descendants of the South Asian hunting Canines which were known as a pariah or primitive dogs. These dogs hail from the regions of Taiwan and were considered to be a loyal companion of the ancient hunter in the forest.

Taiwan was bred to find games for the local tribes of Taiwan. It was also used for hunting and guarding purpose. Moreover, a time came when dogs of this breed became nearly extinct because dog eating culture of Chinese was introduced in Taiwan.

Thanks to Dr. sung Yuing-yi who brought together a group of Taiwan Dog fanciers in 1970s and began to resurrect the breed and they were able to locate about 160 dogs of this breed in the Central mountain region.

Are They Child- Friendly?

The Taiwan Dogs make good playmate with children but do not make a good option for families with toddlers and young children, the reason behind this is that these dogs are known to be very primitive and instinctive dogs with a dominant personality and high prey drive.

As we have seen small children sometimes tend to be reckless and careless while playing and can do annoying and abusing things. Well, in that case, an unsocialized Taiwan dog will definitely not tolerate such behavior and will try to punish the abuser by a disagreeable nip or straight out bite.

Temperament, Personality, And Behavior

The Temperament of Taiwan dog is loyal, fearless and protective around strangers and will not willingly go up and greet a stranger, instead they will sit back and watch. They are very devoted to its family and home which makes them an amazing companion for almost every type of environment.

Taiwan Dogs Are Very Much Affectionate To Their Family Members.
Taiwan Dog Sitting On Ground.
Image Via Pexels

The personalities of Taiwan dog breed is hardy, strong, Tough, lively, amenable and intelligent. Dogs of this breed are highly prized for their affection and loyalty towards their family members. They enjoy being together with its people and will enjoy and treasure each and every moment spent with its people.

Taiwan dogs are very independent by nature and most of them are even very stubborn, therefore early training and socialization are required. These dogs are quite energetic and athletic breed who has considerable exercise requirements, so it’s important to make sure that your Taiwan is receiving an adequate minimum of an hour of vigorous physical every day and would be preferable.


Taiwan dogs are highly trainable dogs but as an extremely stubborn and independent nature, therefore, it will need a lot of patience, energy, and understanding while dealing with a Taiwan dog breed. They respond very well to positive reinforcement and to get their best response you can offer them treats during their training schedule.

Once you are able to motivate them for their training, then he can easily understand and learn things you want him to know. As Taiwan dog has an extremely stubborn and independent nature, therefore, it will need a lot of patience, energy, and understanding while dealing with a Taiwan dog breed.


Amazing facts about Taiwan Dog Breed:

  • The Taiwan dogs are closely related to the Dingo and the New Guinea Singing Dog.
  • These dogs have spotted tounges.
  • The Taiwan dog has been assigned by The Hound group designation.
  • The female dog of this breed often digs dens in the ground for birthing.
  • Taiwanese aboriginal people used this dog breed to hunt wild boar and other small game.

Health Issues

General HealthHealthy
Common Health IssuesPatellar Luxation, Cataracts,
Hip Dysplasia, Hip Dysplasia
Vaccination RequiredCanine Distemper, Canine Parainfluenza,
Kennel Cough, Canine Coronavirus,
Rabies, Canine Parvovirus, Leptospirosis
SheddingModerate Shedder
DroolingAverage Drooler
GroomingEasy and Minimal Grooming Required
Weight Gain PotentialAverage
Separation AnxietyHigh Chance
Diets and SupplementsProtein: 27%
Fat: 10%
Fish Oil

Although being healthy, the Taiwan dog breed is likely to risk at the following health conditions:

  • Hip dysplasia: An abnormal formation of the hip socket that can eventually cause crippling lameness and painful arthritis of the joints.
  • Progressive retinal atrophy: It is a group of genetic diseases seen in Taiwan breed of dogs. It is similar to retinitis pigmentosa in humans and is characterized by the bilateral degeneration of the retina, causing progressive vision loss culminating in blindness.
  • Cataracts: It is a disease caused by inherited condition Cataracts may be present at birth or develop when Taiwan dog is very young-between one and three years of age.
  • Glaucoma: It is a condition in which pressure is placed on the eye, causing inadequate fluid drainage in the eye.


The Taiwan dog breed are found in six colors, those are:

  • Black
  • White
  • Fawn
  • Brindle
  • Black and White
  • Fawn and White


Taiwan Dog Can Give Birth From 10-12 Puppies At A Time.
Cute Taiwan Pup In Police Getup

The Taiwan dog breed can give birth up to 10-12 puppies at a time. If you are planning to own a Taiwan puppy, then you have to spend between $300-$2000 depending on the breeders and location.

Which Dogs Are They Similar To?

Dogs similar to Taiwan dog breed are:

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