Country of OriginGermany
Nicknames and Other NamesRottie
Scientific NameCanis lupus familiaris
Breed TypePurebred
GroupWorking Group
Bred ForHerding livestock, pulling carts
SizeMedium to large-sized
Life Span9-10 years
Ideal WeightMale: 95-135 pounds
Female: 80-100 pounds
Ideal HeightMale: 24-27 inches
Female: 22-25 inches
Fur TypeDouble-coated, hard, thick, short
Common ColorsBlack and Mahogany
Black and Tan
Black and Rust
AvailabilityWidely available
AchievementsPolice dogs, military dogs
Suitable for ApartmentsNot Suitable
Used in World WarUsed in both World War as a Police Dogs
Most Similar ToCane Corso

Rottweiler is a medium to large-sized dog breed which is very popular in USA, UK, and Canada. They are strong and powerful dogs that can be dangerous around unfamiliar people.

They are very famous as a family companion and if raised properly and socialized, they are gentle and loving. As a powerful dog, it is not suitable for a novice dog owner who cannot handle it and guide it in the right direction.

Rottweiler has a compact and muscular body which gives it powerful and strong looks. The male has heavier bones than bitches. The head is of medium length and broad between the ears. Their eyes are round with an alert and self-assured expression. The coat is short, dense and straight where the short coat is on head, ears, and legs.

Origin and History

The Rottweiler was originated in Germany and known as one of the most ancient dog breeds. They used to accompany the Romans to herd the cattle through German. They were given the work to drive cattle to the market, pull carts, guard the homestead, and even bring money from the market o the belt around their neck.

When the railroad cattle cars were developed in the 1800s, Rottweiler’s career in livestock ended. After that, they were taken to work at military, property protector and family guardian.

In 1971, the Rottweiler parent club was formed. The American Kennel Club admitted it in the Stud Book in 1931 and the official standard was approved in 1935.

Is Rottweiler Child-Friendly?

The Rottweiler is friendly with children if raised together. A well-bred Rottweiler will do fine around children. Due to their high prey drive, they sometimes tend to herd small children. So, they should be supervised and should be taught how to behave around children.

Kids should be watched while they are interacting with Rottweiler, as they have a strong body that might fall and hurt them.

Rottweiler with children.

Temperament, Behavior, and Personality

Temperament: The temperament Rottweiler is loyal and loving. As a pet, they are fun, entertaining to be with, who loves to play and make its people laugh. However, they are not so friendly with strangers and can be aggressive around them. Therefore, early socialization with a variety of people is needed to avoid unnecessary aggression.

Behavior: A well-bred Rottweiler is never an aggressive dog. So before buying, its breeding background should be checked. They need vigorous exercise, and if they do not get their required activities, they will show their destructive nature by chewing whatever they can reach. Therefore, they should be engaged in regular exercise that fulfills their activities requirements.

Personality: The Rottweiler has an independent, confident, and courageous personality. They are very protective of their loved ones, which makes them an extremely great watchdogs. They are loving and affectionate to their family and they tend to guard its family properties.


Training Rottweiler is a hard task to do as they are independent and tend to become dominant sometime. They are also stubborn which makes it tough if the master is a novice owner. They need a confident leader who can train them with confidence and consistency.

After giving them a basic obedience training, enroll them in an agility training which will keep them mentally stimulated. As a reward, give them treats and vocal praises that keeps them motivated and encouraged.


  • Rottweiler is one of the earliest police dogs that served with honor in the military.
  • It is believed to be one of the descendants of Roman drover dogs.
  • In the 19th century, when the railroads were made to transport livestock in the market, Rottweiler nearly became extinct.

Health Issues

General HealthHealthy
Common Health IssuesElbow Dysplasia, Allergies, Aortic Stenosis,
Subvalvular Aortic Stenosis,
Osteosarcoma, Panosteitis
Vaccination RequiredCanine Coronavirus, Rabies, Kennel Cough,
Canine Distemper, Canine Parvovirus,
Leptospirosis, Canine Parainfluenza
SheddingModerate Shedder
DroolingDrools quite a lot
GroomingMinimal Grooming Required
Weight Gain PotentialHigh
Separation AnxietyHigh Chance
AllergiesSkin Allergy
Diets and SupplementsProtei: 30%
Fat: 10%
Omega-3 and 6 Fatty Acids
  • Elbow Dysplasia: It is a genetic problem. The malfunction of the elbow joints is called elbow dysplasia. The dog will put its leg up while walking as it causes pain in the elbow bones. It can be determined by doing an x-ray and if the case is serious, consult your vet for the surgery.
  • Hypothyroidism: It is caused due to the deficiency of thyroid hormones. The effects are infertility, obesity, mental dullness, and getting tired quickly. It should be consulted with a vet and medication should be given throughout the dog’s life.


Rottweiler comes in following colors:

  • Black and Mahogany
  • Rust and Black
  • Black and Tan


Cost: The average cost of the Rottweiler puppy is $1500-$2500 USD. However, the cost can reach up to $4000 with the quality of the breeder.

Height and Size: The average height of the male Rottweiler is between 24-27 inches and female is 22-26 inches. However, the average weight of the male is 95-135 pounds and the female is 80-100 pounds.

Similar Dog Breeds to Rottweiler

Staffordshire Bull Terrier which is similar to Rottweiler

Staffordshire Bull Terrier

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